Ashkenazi Jews

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Related to Ashkenazim: Mizrahi Jews

Ashkenazi Jews

In the 11th century, Ashkenazi Jews comprised 3% of the world's Jewish population, peaking at 92% in 1931; following the holocaust in World War II, that number decreased. Ashkenazi Jews now comprise ±80% of Jews worldwide.

Carrier rates, genetic diseases affecting Ashkenazi Jews
• Factor XI deficiency—1:9 to 1:20
• Gaucher disease, type 1—1:10 to 1:14
• Non-syndrome hearing loss—1:20 to 1:25
• Tay-Sachs disease—1:25 to 1:27
• Cystic fibrosis—1:29
• Familial dysautonomia—1:30
• Glycogen storage disease type III—1:35 (north African Jews)
• Canavan disease—1:40
• BRCA1, BRCA2—1:40
• Fanconi anaemia, type C—1:89
• Niemann-Pick disease, type A—1:90
• Mucolipidosis IV—1:99
• Bloom syndrome—1:110
• Maple syrup urine disease—1:113
• Glycogen storage disease type 1a—1:130
• Abetalipoproteinemia—1:131
• Primary torsion dystonia—1:1000 to 1:3000
References in periodicals archive ?
The Orientals have deep grudges against the Ashkenazim. They believe -- not without justification - that they have been humiliated and discriminated against from their first day in the country, and still are, though quite a number of them have reached high economic and political positions.
Yet most Likud members still feel that the Ashkenazim rule Israel, leaving them far behind.
about the marginality and inferiority of Mizrahim relative to Ashkenazim
a dichotomy between modern (Ashkenazim) and pre-modern (Mizrahim)
These Jewish intellectuals and activists built early connections between Ashkenazim and Sephardim that were eventually strengthened by intramarriage, which further broke down barriers between these communities (with the exception of Syrian Jews in Brooklyn who have continued to marry within their own group).
"Ashkenazim' was a term first applied to GermanJews, and over centuries came to designate all Jews exposed to the main currents of European culture.
What Hitler and Stalin tried to do was evil and was wrong; what the Ashkenazim are doing to the Palestinians - whose country they are squatting in - is just as wrong and just as evil, if not more so.
The link between the Ashkenazim and a single cancer mutation emerged recently, after researchers discovered BRCA1, a long-sought breast and ovarian cancer susceptibility gene on chromosome 17.
One film clip posted on YouTube, for instance, declares: "You are about to view a handful of leftist Ashkenazim that Hitler and Eichmann did not manage to incinerate.
Jewish Latin American scholarship suggests that, over time, small Jewish communities in Latin America have tended to "overcome ideological and ethnic differences." [7] Their common needs have propelled second-, third-, and fourth-generation Sephardim and Ashkenazim to pool their financial and demographic resources and join together.
Additional studies on the matter indicate that people of Ashkenaz origin tend to refer to themselves as "Ashkenazim," while Sephardim usually define themselves as "Israelis."
Religion per se had not been, for these Ashkenazim, the main foundation of their ethos.