Ashkenazi Jews

(redirected from Ashkenazic Jews)

Ashkenazi Jews

In the 11th century, Ashkenazi Jews comprised 3% of the world's Jewish population, peaking at 92% in 1931; following the holocaust in World War II, that number decreased. Ashkenazi Jews now comprise ±80% of Jews worldwide.

Carrier rates, genetic diseases affecting Ashkenazi Jews
• Factor XI deficiency—1:9 to 1:20
• Gaucher disease, type 1—1:10 to 1:14
• Non-syndrome hearing loss—1:20 to 1:25
• Tay-Sachs disease—1:25 to 1:27
• Cystic fibrosis—1:29
• Familial dysautonomia—1:30
• Glycogen storage disease type III—1:35 (north African Jews)
• Canavan disease—1:40
• BRCA1, BRCA2—1:40
• Fanconi anaemia, type C—1:89
• Niemann-Pick disease, type A—1:90
• Mucolipidosis IV—1:99
• Bloom syndrome—1:110
• Maple syrup urine disease—1:113
• Glycogen storage disease type 1a—1:130
• Abetalipoproteinemia—1:131
• Primary torsion dystonia—1:1000 to 1:3000
Segen's Medical Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The section that takes things into the present is likewise focused on schism--the struggles between reformers and counter-reformers, religious opposition to Zionism and tensions between Ashkenazic Jews from Europe and Jews from Islamic cultures.
A week from this Saturday, Ashkenazic Jews the world over will convene at their synagoguesoften after midnightfor Selichot, the set of penitential prayers marking the beginning of the season of introspection that culminates some two weeks later on Yom Kippur.
At 1,000 years, the search for the location of Ashkenaz -- thought to be the birthplace of Ashkenazic Jews and the Yiddish language -- is one of the longest quests in human history.
Medieval Ashkenazic Jews perceived their synagogues as almost total embodiments of the Temple in Jerusalem, Woolf finds, which directly affected synagogue design, etiquette, and practice.
Long the main language for Ashkenazic Jews, even in the first generations of emigration, the status and continued importance of Yiddish was called into question during the interwar period by linguistic acculturation and the growing strength of modern Hebrew as a language and ideology.
In contrast with the Paris chapter of the AIU, which had always been an organization of Ashkenazic Jews working for the benefit of Sephardic Jews, Sephardic Jews played a major role in the leadership of the American Friends from the beginning.
The test revealed a specific sequence in the DNA passed through the maternal line through the generations known as haplogroup N1b1, associated with Ashkenazic Jews. The sequence is considered strong proof that Braun may have actually been Jewish herself, given that Jewish identity is passed through the maternal line.
In the 11th-century CE, Rabbi Gershom ben Judah promulgated an express prohibition against polygamy for Ashkenazic Jews of Europe.
Feeling uncomfortable with a rising Arab nationalism the Jews left en masse for France, enriching Jewish life in various parts of France, where Ashkenazic Jews had only a tenuous hold on Jewish traditions.