Ashkenazi Jews

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Related to Ashkenazic: Mizrahi Jews

Ashkenazi Jews

In the 11th century, Ashkenazi Jews comprised 3% of the world's Jewish population, peaking at 92% in 1931; following the holocaust in World War II, that number decreased. Ashkenazi Jews now comprise ±80% of Jews worldwide.

Carrier rates, genetic diseases affecting Ashkenazi Jews
• Factor XI deficiency—1:9 to 1:20
• Gaucher disease, type 1—1:10 to 1:14
• Non-syndrome hearing loss—1:20 to 1:25
• Tay-Sachs disease—1:25 to 1:27
• Cystic fibrosis—1:29
• Familial dysautonomia—1:30
• Glycogen storage disease type III—1:35 (north African Jews)
• Canavan disease—1:40
• BRCA1, BRCA2—1:40
• Fanconi anaemia, type C—1:89
• Niemann-Pick disease, type A—1:90
• Mucolipidosis IV—1:99
• Bloom syndrome—1:110
• Maple syrup urine disease—1:113
• Glycogen storage disease type 1a—1:130
• Abetalipoproteinemia—1:131
• Primary torsion dystonia—1:1000 to 1:3000
References in periodicals archive ?
In matters that had to do with Jews in danger or distress, the "Portuguese" community co-operated with Ashkenazic communities and offered aid to the needy, both in Poland and in the German states.
To give a personal example of my own: a board member of a listener-sponsored radio station complained to the host of a talk show about the subject of the day, my three-volume anthology of essays, Jews and American Popular Culture, that it was actually "all Ashkenazic.
However, Kna'an may have played a crucial role in the development of the pronunciation of vowels in Ashkenazic Hebrew.
Both Ashkenazic and Sephardic families make a great production of purging their homes of foods considered leaven, or "hametz.
Miriam Bodian argues that when Iberian Marranos encountered both non-Iberian Christians and Ashkenazic Jews they felt torn between defining themselves in religious terms as Jewish and in national or ethnic terms as Portuguese, and hence as different from the less aristocratic Ashkenazim.
15) that the first Ashkenazic alchemical work dates from the eighteenth century.
Those in command were the benefactors: grandees, aristocrats, and the "genteel," orthodox Ashkenazic patricians.
Canavan's disease, also called spongy brain degeneration, strikes one in roughly 3,500 children in the Ashkenazic Jewish community and one in 3,000 to 40,000 children in other populations, estimates Matalon.
One aspect of that quest was the special place of honor German Jews accorded medieval Spanish Jewry, he says, and argues that during the course of a century the respect turned to adulation, which led to often very harsh criticism of Ashkenazic culture within the Jewish community.
Among the first people she spoke to was Ashkenazic Chief Rabbi David Lau, whom she told in detail about the attack.
While both Ashkenazic and Sephardic Jews supported the AIU, for Sephardic Jews, the organization also provided a vehicle for cultural expression.
Genes don't lie; a genetic counselor told us that Matt had, without a doubt, a specifically Ashkenazic version of the mutation that causes Tay-Sachs.