Ashkenazi Jews

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Ashkenazi Jews

In the 11th century, Ashkenazi Jews comprised 3% of the world's Jewish population, peaking at 92% in 1931; following the holocaust in World War II, that number decreased. Ashkenazi Jews now comprise ±80% of Jews worldwide.

Carrier rates, genetic diseases affecting Ashkenazi Jews
• Factor XI deficiency—1:9 to 1:20
• Gaucher disease, type 1—1:10 to 1:14
• Non-syndrome hearing loss—1:20 to 1:25
• Tay-Sachs disease—1:25 to 1:27
• Cystic fibrosis—1:29
• Familial dysautonomia—1:30
• Glycogen storage disease type III—1:35 (north African Jews)
• Canavan disease—1:40
• BRCA1, BRCA2—1:40
• Fanconi anaemia, type C—1:89
• Niemann-Pick disease, type A—1:90
• Mucolipidosis IV—1:99
• Bloom syndrome—1:110
• Maple syrup urine disease—1:113
• Glycogen storage disease type 1a—1:130
• Abetalipoproteinemia—1:131
• Primary torsion dystonia—1:1000 to 1:3000
References in periodicals archive ?
Critica inverted the stereotype of the Ashkenazi Jew as the "other," using him as a symbol of the successful assimilation of the immigrants and their positive contribution to the economy and culture.
As an Ashkenazi Jew growing up in Israel, the predicaments and nuances of Moroccan Jewish identity were largely invisible to me, as their experiences were largely marginalized by, or absent from the local narrative.
His mother, Alice, an Ashkenazi Jew, was a doctor who became a dentist.
An Ashkenazi Jew, Ramsey works "in partnership with African American and Latino and other communities to address social justice issues such as housing, jobs, schools, inequities, police, slumlords." With considerable pride Ramsey says, "We are the oldest local Jewish social justice organization in the country ...
Unlike an Ashkenazi Jew, who may be more prepared for the news that they are a carrier of Tay-Sachs, research shows that most people who undergo carrier screening are (http://www.nature.com/ejhg/journal/v16/n4/full/5201965a.html?foxtrotcallback=true) entirely unprepared for a positive result.
Table 2 Prevalence of CF and performance characteristics of a 25-mutation screening test in various American ethnic groups Prevalence of CF Test Carrier Sensitivity, NPV (a), Ethnic group status Disease percent percent Caucasian: All 1/29 1/3,300 80 99.3 Northern European 1/29 1/3,300 90 99.7 Ashkenazi Jew 1/29 1/3,300 97 99.9 Hispanic 1/46 1/8,500 57 99.1 Black 1/62 1/15,300 69 99.5 Asian 1/90 1/32,100 Unk Unk Post-test risk of CF-affected Ethnic group infant Caucasian: All 1/140 Northern European 1/290 Ashkenazi Jew 1/930 Hispanic 1/105 Black 1/207 Asian Unk (a) NPV, negative predictive value = (specificity(1-p))/(specificity (1-p)+(1-sensitivity)p), where test specificity is assumed to be 1.
In 1964, in an article marking the twofold anniversary of Roth's birth (1894) and death (1939), I closed my memorial essay with the words: "The two novels most representative of Roth's love and Roth's skill, Kapuzinergruft and Radetzkymarsch, describe the dying Ashkenazi Jew in an expiring (and expired) empire.
Although Indian Jews were formally welcome to utilize and participate in Jewish community institutions, they found themselves ostracized and marginalized within these institutions because they did not fit the racialized image of the Ashkenazi Jew. Lily Jacob explained that she attended an Orthodox Jewish day school where she was routinely harassed by other students who called her racist slurs and told her, "You're a Paki" (a racist term used in both the British and Canadian contexts to refer derogatorily to people from Pakistan).
Polish-born Ashkenazi Jew Faithlovitch (1881-1955), an adventurer, traveler, missionary, and scholar, was the architect of the migration of Ethiopian Jews to Israel, one of the most problematic groups to be ingathered.
An internet search brings me to JewOrNotJew.com, and indeed I learn that Abdul's father was a Syrian Jew from Aleppo and her mother an Ashkenazi Jew from Canada.
(Lubitsch, a Berlin-born Ashkenazi Jew, is famous for 1939's Ninotchka Greta Garbo.)
Being an originally Ashkenazi Jew, Morteira arrived in Amsterdam in 1616 and remained in the city until his death in 1659.