Ascomycota


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Related to Ascomycota: Basidiomycota, Deuteromycota

As·co·my·co·ta

(as'kō-mī-kō'tă),
A phylum of fungi characterized by the presence of asci and ascospores. Some mycologists have moved the class Ascomycetes to the phylum or division level.

Ascomycota (Ascomycotina)

a diverse group of FUNGI that includes moulds with septate (see SEPTUM) HYPHAE and YEASTS. They are called ‘sac fungi’ because their sexual SPORES, ASCOSPORES, are produced in a sac-like ASCUS. Their asexual spores are usually CONIDIOSPORES, formed in long chains at the end of the CONIDIOPHORE. The term conidia means dust, and these spores are easily detached from the conidiophore and float on the air like dust. The group includes the yeasts Saccharomyces, used in brewing and bread making; Aspergillus, which produces such products as citric acid used in foods; Penicillium which produces PENICILLIN, the ANTIBIOTIC, and which can also be used in making certain cheeses; and Neurospora which is used in genetic studies. Other less beneficial members include some that attack valuable plants, for example one ASCOMYCETE is responsible for DUTCH ELM DISEASE, others are PATHOGENS of CEREALS.
References in periodicals archive ?
The 2016 classification of lichenized fungi in the Ascomycota and Basidiomycota--Approaching one thousand genera.
Tuber brennemanii and Tuber floridanum: two new Tuber species (Pezizales, Ascomycota) are among the most commonly detected ectomycorrhizal taxa within commercial pecan (Carya illinoinensis) orchards.
Nuevos registros de Micropeltidaceae (Ascomycota) en Podocarpus parlatorei (Podocarpaceae) en las Yungas, Argentina.
Cladosporium uredinicola belongs to Davidiellaceae family and Ascomycota division of Kingdom Fungi (Figure 2).
Paecilomyces niveus Stolk & Samson, 1971 (Ascomycota: Thermoascaceae) as a pathogen ofNasonovia ribisnigri (Mosley, 1841) (Hemiptera, Aphididae) in Brazil.
Neotropical members of Sticta (lichenized Ascomycota: Lobariaceae) forming photosymbiodemes, with the description of seven new species.
The family Cephalothecaceae in Sordariomycetes (Ascomycota) was incertae sedis [42] because of uncertain phylogenetic placement and differing morphology [43].
Among the 24 fungi, 22 are Basidiomycota fungi, and the other two are Ascomycota fungi serving as an out-group to root the tree.
Graphium species belong to the Ascomycota, which are found in soil and plants.
Chaetomium thermophilum is a thermophilic fungus living in the high temperature environment up to 60degC belonged to the phylum Ascomycota. By now, many glycoside hydrolases have been isolated from C.