The study of the marine benthic communities of the northern Chilean coast is of great importance because the intense maritime traffic makes this region more susceptible to the introduction and establishment of tropical and subtropical, exotic species of ascidians
(Turon et al., 2016a, 2016b).
(Class Ascidiacea), also known as tunicates or sea squirts, are marine invertebrates that are sessile suspension feeders and usually attached to a substrate.
as excellent chordate models for studying the development of the nervous system during embryogenesis and metamorphosis.
The samples of coral Siderastrea stellata, ascidian
and sponge Cinachyrella sp.
Different bivalve, ascidian
(tunicate) and polychaete species have been found to be the primary host for haplosporidian parasites.
(2004) Neurogenic and non-neurogenic placodes in ascidians
The immunomodulatory and antioxidant activity of crude and fractionated extracts of the ascidian
Styela clava were determined by in vitro screening.
A halogenated furanone rubrolide O isolated from a New Zealand ascidian
Synoicum sp., which inhibited superoxide anion production in human neutrophils ([IC.sub.50] = 35 [micro]M) in vitro with low toxicity .
Havenhand, "Fertilization and the potential for dispersal of gametes and larvae in the solitary ascidian
Ascidia mentula Muller," Ophelia, vol.
and bryozoans were attached to the panel in a greater proportion (Fig.
Rocha RM, Faria SB, Moreno TR (2005) Ascidians
from Bocas del Toro, Panama.
, commonly called sea squirts (Subphylum: Urochordata, Class Ascidiacea) are dominant organisms in many marine communities, having a wide geographic distribution .