arthrogryposis

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arthrogryposis

 [ahr″thro-grĭ-po´sis]
1. persistent flexion of a joint.
2. tetanoid spasm.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

ar·thro·gry·po·sis

(ar'thrō-gri-pō'sis),
Congenital defect of the limbs characterized by severe contractures of multiple joints.
[arthro- + G. gryphōsis, a crooking]
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

arthrogryposis

(är′thrə-grə-pō′sĭs)
n. pl. arthrogrypo·ses (-sēz)
The permanent fixation of a joint in a contracted position.
The American Heritage® Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2007, 2004 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

arthrogryposis multiplex congenita

A rare sporadic condition characterised by joint contractures, dislocations, rigid skeletal deformities (e.g., clubfoot or talipes equinovarus), skin atrophy and replacement of limb muscles with fibrous tissue. AMC is not a sui generis disease, but rather a descriptive term that signifies multiple congenital contractures. The aetiologies encompass both neurogenic and primary myopathic diseases, but most cases are not due to neuromuscular disease.
 
Pathogenesis
Uncertain; a common link may be intrauterine movement during a critical period of limb development.
 
Management
Arthrodesis.
Segen's Medical Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All rights reserved.

ar·thro·gry·po·sis

(ahr'thrō-gri-pō'sis)
Congenital defect of the limbs characterized by contractures of multiple joints.
[arthro- + G.gryphōsis, a crooking]
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012

arthrogryposis

Congenital fixation of the limb joints, usually in an extended position. The condition is probably due to a destructive disorder of the motor nerves to the muscles around the affected joints during the pregnancy.
Collins Dictionary of Medicine © Robert M. Youngson 2004, 2005
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