arthrogryposis multiplex congenita

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ar·thro·gry·po·sis mul·'ti·plex con·gen·'i·ta

[MIM*108110]
limitation of range of joint motion and contractures present at birth, usually involving multiple joints; a syndrome probably of diverse etiology that may result from changes in spinal cord, muscle, or connective tissue. Several forms exist, autosomal dominant [MIM*108110, 108120, 108130, 108140, 108145, 108200], recessive [MIM*208080, 208081, 208085, 208100, 208150, 208155, 208200], and X-linked [MIM*301830]
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

arthrogryposis multiplex congenita

A rare sporadic condition characterised by joint contractures, dislocations, rigid skeletal deformities (e.g., clubfoot or talipes equinovarus), skin atrophy and replacement of limb muscles with fibrous tissue. AMC is not a sui generis disease, but rather a descriptive term that signifies multiple congenital contractures. The aetiologies encompass both neurogenic and primary myopathic diseases, but most cases are not due to neuromuscular disease.
 
Pathogenesis
Uncertain; a common link may be intrauterine movement during a critical period of limb development.
 
Management
Arthrodesis.
Segen's Medical Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All rights reserved.

ar·thro·gry·po·sis mul·ti·plex con·gen·i·ta

(ahr'thrō-gri-pō'sis mŭl'ti-pleks kon-jen'i-tă)
Limitation of range of joint motion and contractures present at birth, usually involving multiple joints; a syndrome probably of diverse etiology that may result from changes in spinal cord, muscle, or connective tissue.
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
Arthrogryposis Multiplex Congenita (AMC) is a disorder with multiple aetiological factors.
He was born with arthrogryposis multiplex congenita, a rare genetic disease that causes muscles to form as scar tissue, warping the limbs.
The medical terminology for the disorder is Arthrogryposis Multiplex Congenita.
"I like to paint landscapes, animals, steam trains and people." Ian was born with Arthrogryposis Multiplex Congenita, which mean his joints are permanently fixed.
Beals Hecht syndrome, also known as congenital contractural arachnodactyly, is a member of arthrogryposis multiplex congenita family.
Contributors working in human performance and rehabilitation, sport and exercise, physiology, and other fields around the world discuss human motor development in children with and without disabilities; developmental coordination disorder; motor skill development in able-bodied and impaired swimmers; assessment of skills; impairments due to stroke; motor learning; the performance of professional golfers and tennis players; oromotor impairment in cerebral palsy; arthrogryposis multiplex congenita; comparison of the skills of chimpanzees and humans; traditional mirror therapy for movement and postural control problems; muscle strength testing in children; children with autism; and other topics.
Arthrogryposis Multiplex Congenita (AMC) is characterized by multiple, congenital, non progressive joint contractures.
Contributors working in obstetrics and gynecology, genetics, pediatrics, and other medical and research fields discuss topics such as the diagnosis of Down Syndrome; the connection between hypertensive dysfunction in pregnancy and the development of cardiovascular diseases; the techniques and applications of MRI in fetal imaging; prenatal genetic diagnosis; the relation between antithrombin congenital deficiency and high risk miscarriages and recurrent abortions; arthrogryposis multiplex congenita; and primary prevention efforts and risk factors such as age and sociodemographic factors, obstetric history, maternal medical conditions, genetic disorders, psychosocial issues, and infections and vaccination.
Lastly, although more common conditions such as cerebral palsy, rheumatic disorders, Down syndrome and sports injuries are covered in this book (along with traumatic brain injury, shaken baby syndrome, arthrogryposis multiplex congenita, asthma, autism, burns and limb deficiencies), unfortunately it does not include conditions that are prevalent in a physiotherapist's case load, such as the consequences of premature birth, or cystic fibrosis and bronchiectasis.
Mills-Testi was born with a disability called arthrogryposis multiplex congenita, which means she cannot use her arms or hands and has limited use of her legs and feet.

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