septic arthritis

(redirected from Arthritis, infectious)

sup·pu·ra·tive ar·thri·tis

acute inflammation of synovial membranes, with purulent effusion into a joint, due to bacterial infection; the usual route of infection is hemic to the synovial tissue, causing destruction of the articular cartilage; may become chronic, with sinus formation, osteomyelitis, deformity, and disability.
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septic arthritis

Bacterial arthritis, infectious arthritis, non-gonococcal bacterial arthritis Rheumatology A non-gonococcal infection of a joint, which develops when bacteria spread to a joint Clinical Rapid onset with joint swelling, intense pain, low-grade fever Risk factors Concurrent bacterial infection, chronic illness, immunosuppression, rheumatoid arthritis, IVDA, recent joint trauma, or recent joint arthroscopy or surgery; it is not uncommon in children < age 3, affecting primarily the hip, in adults, knee involvement is more common Agents in children Group B streptococcus, H influenzae
McGraw-Hill Concise Dictionary of Modern Medicine. © 2002 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

Septic arthritis

Another name for infectious arthritis.
Mentioned in: Infectious Arthritis
Gale Encyclopedia of Medicine. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Homagni Sikha Roy, M.D., of SouthWest Medical University in Luzhou, China, and colleagues analyzed the findings of 52 experimental and clinical studies that assessed the use of ultrasound in imaging the major types of arthritis: osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, gouty arthritis, calcium pyrophosphate deposition disease (CPPD), psoriatic arthritis, infectious arthritis, and spondyloarthritis.
Keywords: Intra-articular injections, hyaluronic acid, experimental arthritis, infectious arthritis, osteoarthritis
In addition, rice bodies can also be observed in cases of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), seronegative arthritis, infectious arthritis (TB, atypical mycobacterial infection) nonspecific arthritis, and osteoarthritis (OA).
Findings revealed in an article published online recently in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences suggest that vinpocetine, a derivative of vincamine (from the periwinkle plant), could be useful for the treatment of chronic inflammatory diseases such as atherosclerosis, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), arthritis, infectious diseases and cancer.