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Joseph, English otologist, 1815-1866. See: Toynbee corpuscles, Toynbee muscle, Toynbee tube.
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To understand the genesis of the spiritual component of Kazakh society, Arnold Toynbee's concepts of "incentives strokes, pressure and prejudice" by the environment or external forces as a "call" and society's reaction as an "answer" are applicable (Toynbee 2000:120).
British historian Arnold Toynbee is quoted as saying: "Those who cannot learn from history are condemned to repeat it." Given our experience in the 1990s with managed care, it would seem that this new set of health care reforms presents an excellent opportunity for EAPs not to repeat the same mistakes we made over 20 years ago when paradigm shifts were imposed upon us.
If they are to learn from Arnold Toynbee, here are some lessons from the Islamic civilization:
The film depicted the British journalist, Arnold Toynbee's experiences in Turkey on issues pertaining to the bias against Turks and Muslims in general.
His long view of history--which, following Oswald Spengler and Arnold Toynbee, sees civilizations as caught up in great cycles of rise and decline--lends hope to his realist colleagues.
Arnold Toynbee calls the displacement of the Arabs an atrocity greater than any committed by the Nazis.
McNeill's The Human Condition (Princeton, 1980); an older work by William Russell, Man, Nature and History (London, 1969); and an ambitious but unfinished work by the "metahistorian" Arnold Toynbee, Mankind and Mother Earth (New York, 1976).
English historian Arnold Toynbee once said, "Appropriate response to challenge is the basis for the rise of any society or organization."
Wodehouse, Thornton Wilder, and Arnold Toynbee die ...
As even the venerable Arnold Toynbee commented, "this word 'unique' is a negative term signifying what is mentally inapprehensible.
He has also interviewed and photographed numerous celebrities ranging from Bertrand Russell and Winston Churchill to Arnold Toynbee, Pablo Picasso and Salvador Dali.