Aristolochia


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Aristolochia

(a-ris″tŏ-lō′kē-ă) [L. aristolochia fr Gr. aristolocheia, birthwort]
A large genus of over 500 plants, from several of which derivatives are promoted as dietary supplements, e.g., A. serpentaria, Virginia snakeroot, and A. serpentaria, Texas snakeroot.

Aristolochia

a plant genus of the family Aristolochiaceae. Contains toxic alkaloid aristolochine which causes purgation; effect resembles that of aloin. Includes A. bracteata, A. clematitis (birthwort), A. densivenia, A. elegans (Dutchman's pipe). A. elegans is toxic to the larvae of Australian butterflies.
References in periodicals archive ?
actualmente subordinado a la sinonimia de Aristolochia (Gonzalez, 1997, 1999; Wanke et al.
The close association between the Troidini butterflies and the plants of the genus Aristolochia is a well-known example of coevolution between herbivores and host plants (Ehrlich & Raven 1964; Silva-Brandao & Solferini 2007; Fordyce 2010).
is a natural compound found in Aristolochia plants commonly used in traditional herbal preparations for various health problems such as weight-loss, menstrual symptoms and rheumatism.
The outcome can be serious: for example, Chinese herbal medicines containing extracts from Aristolochia plants have been implicated in the high incidence of urinary tract cancer in Taiwan, a study has suggested (16) because aristolochic acid has a consistent pattern of inducing DNA damage.
castaneum larvae and adults was achieved with extracts of Peganum harmala seeds followed by Ajuga iva, aristolochia baetica and Raphanus raphanistrum.
Three years ago Mr Welsh found the aristolochia plant in a Papa New Guinea jungle.
Twenty-one of the 93 native species have C values of 7 or higher, including Carex careyana, Iris brevicaulis and Oligoneuron riddellii with C = 9, Amelanchier laevis, Aristolochia serpentaria, Asclepias exaltata, Carya laciniosa, Epifagus virginiana, Erigeron pulchellus, Trillium grandiflorum and Veronicastrum virginicum with C = 8, and 10 species with C = 7 (Appendix 1).
In the 12th Report on Carcinogens, released in June 2011, the National Toxicology Program adds two substances to the list of known human carcinogens: formaldehyde (formerly listed as reasonably anticipated to be a human carcinogen) and aristolochic acids (botanical chemicals found in some Aristolochia - and Asarum-based herbal remedies, which are listed for the first time).
8] represent eight butterfly host plants: Aristolochia heterophylla Hemsl, Aristolochia zollingeriana Miq, Aristolochia kaempferi Wild, Aristolochia cucurbitifolia, Ricinus communis L, Citrus poonensis Hort, Melicope semecarpifolia, and Tylophor ovata Hook.
Packs of the product, brought to the UK from China, have had a new English label put on to hide the original label which contained the Chinese symbols for Aristolochia, a banned toxic and carcinogenic derivative of a plant.