arecoline


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a·rec·o·line

(ă-rek'ō-lēn),
A colorless oily alkaloid derived from the betel nut; a cholinomimetic.

arecoline

(ă-rek′ŏ-lēn″) [ areca + -ol + -ine]
An alkaloid found in the betel nut that causes cholinergic toxicity when the nut is chewed. Arecoline also causes periodontal disease and cancer of the upper gastrointestinal tract.
References in periodicals archive ?
Wang, "Arecoline the colonic smooth muscle motility via M3 receptor in rabbits," Chinese Journal of Physiology, vol.
Arecoline is the main alkaloid ingredient in BQ followed by arecaidine.
In a normal tissue, collagen is degraded by phagocytosis whereas in OSMF, arecoline suppresses T cell activity which in turn decreases the cell mediated immunity resulting in decreased phagocytosis.
Arecoline, an alkaloid present in betel nut reportedly showed hypoglycemic activities (Chempakam, 1993).
Gomez et al., "The muscarinic cholinergic agonist arecoline stimulates the rat hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis through a centrally-mediated corticotropin-releasing hormone-dependent mechanism, " Endocrinology, vol.
We have chosen the brownish white color derived from thin sliced pieces of the nuts which have a high qualitative content of Arecoline as one of the active ingredients in antihelmintic action of Areca catechu Linn.
It contains three major alkaloids: arecoline, pilocarpine, and muscarine.
Some studies have proved that arecoline in areca nut is the main causative agent and tannin which is a protein, can have synergistic role.
Prenatal exposure to arecoline (areca nut alkaloid) and birth outcomes.
Betel nuts contain the alkaloid arecoline a mild stimulant that produces a feeling of well being.
It was also found that convolvine potentiates the effects of arecoline, a muscarinic memory enhancer that ameliorates cognitive deficits in Alzheimer's disease (Asthana 1996, Mirzaev 1998).