Arctium lappa


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burdock

Chinese medicine
A biennial herb rich in essential oils, arctiol, fukinone, volatile (acetic, butyric, isovaleric) and propionic acids, inulin (up to 50% by weight), non-hydroxyl (lauric, myristic, palmitic, and stearic) acids, polyacetylenes, tannic acid and taraxasterol; the seeds and roots are anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, antipyretic, antitussive, diaphoretic, diuretic, expectorant and laxative. Burdock is used for abscesses, bronchitis, chickenpox, low back pain, pulmonary congestion, syphilis and urethritis; the seeds are used to treat colds, measles, sore throat and tonsillitis; the roots and leaves are used for rheumatic complaints and gout.

Herbal medicine
Burdock is used by Western herbologists internally for bacterial and fungal infections, cystitis, fever, recuperation from strokes, renal disease, as a gastrointestinal tonic, to detoxify various organs; it is used topically for skin conditions such as acne, bites, dandruff, eczema, psoriasis, gout and leprosy.

Toxicity
Burdock should not be used in pregnancy, as it stimulates uterine contraction, or in young children.
References in periodicals archive ?
In this study a fraction containing the lactone sesquiterpene onopordopicrin (ONP) from Arctium lappa was administered orally as either 25mg/kg daily or 50mg/kg daily 48, 24 and 1 hour before the induction of colitis in rats by the administration of 2,4,6 trinitrobenzene sulfonic acid (TNBS).
Burdock (Arctium lappa) root contains complex volatile oils which include polyynes, caffeic acid derivates, triterpenes and phytosterols.
Traditionally Galium aparine and Arctium lappa would have been used to 'purify the blood', Silybum marianum to support and strengthen the liver, Thymus vulgaris as an antiseptic skin wash, Capsicum frutescens as an infusion, wash or topical application.
Three herbs grow abundantly in our area in the woods and on roadsides; stinging nettle (Urtica dioica), dandelion (Taraxacum officinalis), and burdock (Arctium lappa).
* Tri-K Northvale, NJ Tel: (201) 750-1055 Fax: (201) 750-9785 E-mail: info@tri-k.com Website: www.tri-k.com Tri-K Healthy Hair Complex INCI name: water (and) panthenyl hydroxypropyl steardimonium chloride (and) hydrolyzed rice protein (and) burdock (arctium lappa) extract (and) ivy (hedera helix) extract (and) fenugreek (trigonella foenum-graecum) extract Suggested use level: 2-5% Applications: shampoos, conditioners, anti-dandruff products, all types of hair care products Comments: Tri-K Healthy Hair Complex is a unique system designed to enhance the appearance and condition of hair through action at the scalp, root and hair fiber itself, it provides superior manageability, body, fullness and a vibrant shine.
Burdock (Arctium lappa) roots may be, with great difficulty, dug out of the ground at the end of their first year of growth.
Andres., Metaplexis japonica (Thunb.) Makino., Origanum vulgare Linn., Veronicastrum sibiricum (Linn.) Penell., Lonicera japonica Thunb., Valeriana officinalis Linn., Xanthium sibiricum Patrin ex Widder., Bidens parviflora Willd., Cephalanoplos segetum (Bge.) Kitam., Anaphalis sinica Hance., Arctium lappa Linn.
Scientific name Plant part Therapeutic area: A15 Achillea millefolium L., flos Dried inflorescence Achillea millefolium L., herba Not applicable Arctium lappa L., radix Not applicable Artemisia absinthium L., herba Not applicable Centaurium Erythraea Rafn, Not applicable herba Cichorium intybus L., radix Not applicable Harpagophytum Procumbens DC Cut dried tuberous and/or Harpagophytum Zeyheri secondary root Decne, radix Marrubium vulgare L., herba Not applicable Trigonella foenum-graecum L., As defined in the Ph.
d) In Brazilian traditional medicine Arctium lappa is used only as a depurative.
Burdock (Arctium lappa) furnishes edible roots and stems, and is also known to be an excellent detoxifier.
Burdock root (Arctium lappa) is a wonderful and under-appreciated medicine.