burdock

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Related to Arctium: Arctium lappa

burdock

Chinese medicine
A biennial herb rich in essential oils, arctiol, fukinone, volatile (acetic, butyric, isovaleric) and propionic acids, inulin (up to 50% by weight), non-hydroxyl (lauric, myristic, palmitic, and stearic) acids, polyacetylenes, tannic acid and taraxasterol; the seeds and roots are anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, antipyretic, antitussive, diaphoretic, diuretic, expectorant and laxative. Burdock is used for abscesses, bronchitis, chickenpox, low back pain, pulmonary congestion, syphilis and urethritis; the seeds are used to treat colds, measles, sore throat and tonsillitis; the roots and leaves are used for rheumatic complaints and gout.

Herbal medicine
Burdock is used by Western herbologists internally for bacterial and fungal infections, cystitis, fever, recuperation from strokes, renal disease, as a gastrointestinal tonic, to detoxify various organs; it is used topically for skin conditions such as acne, bites, dandruff, eczema, psoriasis, gout and leprosy.

Toxicity
Burdock should not be used in pregnancy, as it stimulates uterine contraction, or in young children.

bur·dock

(bŭr'dok)
Herbal agent made from Arctium lappa or A. minus; produced in several forms (e.g., cream, tonic, liquid); used against a huge range of disorders (e.g., arthritis, pain syndromes, rash); has been involved in poisoning; safety and efficacy not established.
Synonym(s): beggar's buttons, cocklebur (2) , wild gobo.
References in periodicals archive ?
The herbs prescribed were Urtica dioica, Phytolacca decandra, Rehmannia glutinosa, Glycyrrhiza glabra, Artemesia annua, Andrographis paniculata, Filipendula ulmaria, Echinacea purpurea, Tabebuia impetiginosa and Arctium lappa.
Planhigyn cyffredin arall a ddefnyddid i drin penaddynod oedd y cacamwci neu'r cyngaf bach (Arctium minus; lesser burdock).
woolly burdock Arctium tomentosum, greater plantain Plantago major, etc (see Figure 1).
* burdock root (Arctium lappa radix), whose insulin polysaccharides stimulate phagocytosis and show antimutagenic action in cell culture (192); and
The latter occurrences often involve introduced noxious weeds, commonly burdock (Arctium: Needham, 1909; McNicholl, 1988, 1994; Nealen and Nealen, 2000; Hinam et al., 2004; Van Damme, 2005), or native flora with defensive structures such as nettles, barbs, spines, or thorns (Craves, 1998; Cain and Jansen, 2005).
D., 1998, "Antioxidant activity of burdock (Arctium lappa Linne): its scavenging effect on free radical and active oxygen", Journal of the American Oil Chemist's Society., 75, pp.
Common name Botanical name Jerusalem artichoke Helianthus tuberosus Wild buckwheat Polygonum convolvulus Burdock Arctium minus Common cocklebur Xanthium pennsylvanicum Giant foxtail Setaria faberii Jimsonweed Datura stramonium Kochia Kochia scoparia Common lambsquarters Chenopodium album Table 14-3 Approximate number of weed seeds produced per plant.
(1) The Arctium L., Cyanopsis Cass., and Onopordum L.
Burdock root (Arctium lappa) was used by ancient herbalists to strengthen and tone the uterus and is mentioned in the 17th century Culpepper's Herbal as a good herb to calm the womb and "stay the child in it." Today, it's used in pregnancy more for its high amounts of nutrients (including chromium, iron, magnesium, potassium, vitamin A and zinc), along with stimulation to the digestive system and gentle laxative effects.
Plant species References Family Apiaceae Golden Alexanders (Zizia aurea) Robertson (1928) Family Asteraceae Yarrow (Achillea millefolium) Vaurie (1948) Ragweed (Ambrosia artermisiaefolia) Vaurie (1948) Ragweed (Ambrosia trifida) Girault (1907); Vaurie (1948); Wildermuth & Gates (1920) Burdock (Arctium mus) Vaurie (1948) Daisy (Leucanthemum sp.) Girault (1907; Vaurie (1948); Wildermuth & Gates (1920) Ox-eye daisy (Chrysanthemum Wildermuth & Gates (1920) leucanthemum) Thistle (Cnicus (=Cirsium) Vaurie (1948) altissimus) Canadian fleabane (Erigeron Vaurie (1948) canadense) Daisy fleabane (Erigeron ramosus Vaurie (1948) or E.