Arcanobacterium

(redirected from Arcanobacterium pyogenes)

Arcanobacterium

(ar-kā'nō-bac-tēr'ē-um),
A genus of nonmotile, facultatively anaerobic bacteria containing gram-positive slender irregular rods, sometimes showing clubbed ends that may be in "V" formation with no filaments. These microorganisms are obligate parasites of the pharynx in farm animals and humans. AArcanobacterium haemolyticum occasionally causes lesions of the pharynx or skin.

Arcanobacterium

/Ar·ca·no·bac·te·ri·um/ (ahr-ka″no-bak-tēr´e-um) a genus of irregular, rod-shaped, non–spore-forming, gram-positive bacteria. A. haemoly´ticus causes human infection that is manifested in adolescents as pharyngitis and a scarlatiniform rash similar to those of streptococcal infection.

Ar·can·o·bac·te·ri·um

(ahr-kā'nō-bak-tēr'ē-ŭm)
A genus of nonmotile, facultatively anaerobic bacteria containing gram-positive slender irregular rods, sometimes showing clubbed ends. These organisms are obligate parasites of the pharynx in farm animals and humans, occasionally causing lesions on the pharynx or skin. The type species is A. haemolyticum.

Arcanobacterium

a genus of pleomorphic gram-positive actinomycete bacteria previously grouped in the genus Corynebacterium.

Arcanobacterium hippocoleae
isolated from vaginitis in horses.
Arcanobacterium phocae
isolated from a variety of body systems in seals, but the pathogenic significance is uncertain.
Arcanobacterium pluranimalium
isolated from lung abscesses in deer and liver abscesses, mastitis, endometritis, abortions and endocarditis in cattle.
Arcanobacterium pyogenes
capable of producing suppurative lesions in any organ or tissue in animals. In farm animals, especially ruminants, it is the most common bacteria found in infected wounds and abscesses. An important cause of mastitis in cattle. Previously called Actinomyces pyogenes and Corynebacterium pyogenes.
References in periodicals archive ?
Although CNS and AHS were isolated in N-CMD and A-CMD groups, Arcanobacterium pyogenes, Staphylococcus aureus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Serratia marcescens and Aspergillus spp.
To the Editor: Arcanobacterium pyogenes is a normal inhabitant of the mucous membranes of domestic animals, such as cattle, sheep, swine, and goats (1).
Arcanobacterium pyogenes spondylodiscitis in a veterinary surgeon: plea for cooperation between medical and veterinary microbiologists in identification of causal agents of zoonotic infections.
A fatal case of Arcanobacterium pyogenes endocarditis in a man with no identified animal contact: case report and review of the literature.
One case of pneumonia with Arcanobacterium pyogenes [in Spanish].
Corynebacterium bovis and Arcanobacterium pyogenes were identified using culture characteristic on blood agar, motility and catalase reaction test.
The most frequent pathogens isolated from cardiac valves or the bloodstream of cows with endocarditis are Arcanobacterium pyogenes (up to 90% of the strains), Streptococcus sp.