Arcanobacterium


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Arcanobacterium

(ar-kā'nō-bac-tēr'ē-um),
A genus of nonmotile, facultatively anaerobic bacteria containing gram-positive slender irregular rods, sometimes showing clubbed ends that may be in "V" formation with no filaments. These microorganisms are obligate parasites of the pharynx in farm animals and humans. AArcanobacterium haemolyticum occasionally causes lesions of the pharynx or skin.

Ar·can·o·bac·te·ri·um

(ahr-kā'nō-bak-tēr'ē-ŭm)
A genus of nonmotile, facultatively anaerobic bacteria containing gram-positive slender irregular rods, sometimes showing clubbed ends. These organisms are obligate parasites of the pharynx in farm animals and humans, occasionally causing lesions on the pharynx or skin. The type species is A. haemolyticum.
References in periodicals archive ?
As bacterias sao os principais agentes etiologicos da mastite infecciosa ovina, com destaque para Staphylococcus aureus, Mannheimia haemolytica, Streptococcus spp., Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas spp., Arcanobacterium pyogenes, estafilococos coagulase negativa, Corynebacterium spp.
Other potentially pathogenic bacteria isolated occasionally included Arcanobacterium progenes, [alpha]-hemolytic streptococci, and several Enterobacteriaceae, but they could not be correlated with either the clinical signs or the presence of P.
Arcanobacterium pyogenes, Escherichia coli, Fusobacterium spp.
O genero Corynebacterium pertence aos actinomicetos aerobicos, que tambem contempla outros microrganismos patogenicos para animais incluindo: Nocardia sp, Rhodococcus equi, Mycobacterium sp e Arcanobacterium pyogenes (12), visto que compartilham certas caracteristicas da parede celular, incluindo espessura, presenca de acidos micolicos, acidos graxos saturados e insaturados (4, 11).
The vanA gene cluster is located on transposons or related elements (6) and has also been found in nonenterococcal species such as Arcanobacterium (Corynebacterium) haemolyticum, Oerskovia turbata, Bacillus circulans, and Streptococcus gallolyticus (13-16).
The main endometritis causing bacterial pathogens are mixed cultures that include Arcanobacterium, Staphylococcus, Streptococcus, Escherichia, Klebsiella and anaerobic bacteria such as Fusobacterium necrophorum and Bacteroides species.
The species was originally known as Corynebacterium pyogenes and Actinomyces pyogenes and then as Arcanobacterium pyogenes.
After reclassification to the genus Arcanobacterium, this organism is now recognized as a member of the recently designated genus Trueperella [11].
La bacteria mas frecuentemente aislada fue Arcanobacterium haemolyticum con un 20,14% de manera individual y un 0,7% en coinfecciones.
* Arcanobacterium pyogenes Sepsis in Farmer, Brazil
For example, pharyngitis caused by Arcanobacterium haemolyticum can have a similar clinical syndrome as group A strep, including fever, exudative pharyngitis, and accompanying rash.
The gene Arch_1773 in the Bacterial pathogen Arcanobacterium haemolyticum was analyzed using standard bioinformatics tools during a gene annotation project.