peanut

(redirected from Arachis hypogaea)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Encyclopedia.
Related to Arachis hypogaea: Vigna unguiculata

peanut

A species of legume, Arachis hypogaea, which is high in protein, energy and nutritional value, and rich in niacin, antioxidants, resveratrol and coenzyme Q10.
 
Emergency
Peanuts are a very common cause of foreign-body aspirates, and represent about 10% of all symptomatic foreign material retrieved by endoscopy of children.
  
Immunology
Peanut allergy is the most common cause of death from food allergy; 150/year die in the US from food allergies.

Metabolism
Peanuts contain oxalates that can crystallise in the form of kidney and gallstones, and should be avoided by those with kidney or gallbladder disease.
 
Toxicology
Peanuts are susceptible to mould and the frequently occurring presence of aflatoxin produced by Aspergillus flavus.

peanut

(pē′nŭt″)
An oily herb of the legume family, Arachis hypogaea, whose seeds are consumed for their nutritional value and whose oil, derived from the seeds, is used in cooking.

Patient discussion about peanut

Q. does being allergic to peanuts mean you can’t eat peanuts as a whole nut? Or should you avoid spreads, cookies, cornflakes etc. as well.

A. people allergic to peanuts are, most of the times, a very severely allergic people. it has an astounding reaction that can lead to death because of specks of peanuts in a cookie.

More discussions about peanut
References in periodicals archive ?
Abu-Kpawoh, "Study on the effect of control variables on the extraction of peanut protein isolates from peanut meal (Arachis hypogaea L.)," American Journal of Food Technology, vol.
Constitutive Effects of Distinct Heavy Metals (Cd, Pb and As) on Seed Germination and Physiological Characters of Groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.), International Journal of Advanced Research, 3(8): 959-970.
Mathews, "Variation in N2 fixation and N contribution by 25 groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.) varieties grown in different agro-ecologies, measured using 15N natural abundance," Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, vol.
The dichloromethanic partition at [IC.sub.50] (19.70 ppm) was evaluated for allelopathic activity on two weed species that affect Arachis hypogaea crops, Commelina benghalensis and Ipomoea nil.
Effects of replacing fish meal with peanut meal (Arachis hypogaea) on growth, feed utilization and body composition of Mozambique Tilapia fries (Oreochromis mossambicus).
The main objective of our work was to carry out a controlled inoculation of Arachis hypogaea (L.) by two Rhizobium strains and one Glomus strain.
Their Latin name is Arachis hypogaea. Arachis is the genus of flowering pea plants.
Peels of Pisum sativum (Pea) and Arachis hypogaea (Peanut) were utilized to investigate their dye removing capacity.