arachidonic acid

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Related to Arachidonic acids: Carboxylic acids, Essential fatty acids, Linoleic acids

arachidonic acid

 [ah-rak″ĭ-don´ik]
an essential fatty acid that cannot be synthesized by animal tissues and must be obtained in the diet.

ar·a·chi·don·ic ac·id

(ă-rak-i-don'ik as'id),
An unsaturated fatty acid, usually essential in nutrition; the biologic precursor of the prostaglandins, the thromboxanes, and the leukotrienes (collectively known as eicosanoids).

arachidonic acid

/arach·i·don·ic acid/ (ah-rak″ĭ-don´ik) a polyunsaturated 20-carbon essential fatty acid occurring in animal fats and formed by biosynthesis from linoleic acid; it is a precursor to leukotrienes, prostaglandins, and thromboxane.

arachidonic acid

(ăr′ə-kĭ-dŏn′ĭk)
n.
An unsaturated fatty acid, C20H32O2, present in animal fats and synthesized by the body from linoleic acid, that is essential in human nutrition and is a precursor in the biosynthesis of some prostaglandins.

arachidonic acid

[ar′əkidon′ik]
Etymology: L, arachos, a legume
a long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acid that is a component of lecithin and serves as a starting material in the biosynthesis of prostaglandins and leukotrienes. In mammals, arachidonic acid is synthesized from linoleic acid.

arachidonic acid

Biochemistry
A polyunsaturated omega-6 fatty acid, which is an essential dietary component for mammals and the precursor for biosynthesis of prostaglandins, thromboxanes and hydroxy-eicosatetraenoic acid derivatives (e.g., leukotrienes). Arachidonic acid release from phospholipids is the limiting step in forming its active metabolites.

Nutrition
Foods containing arachidonic acid—e.g., egg yolks, fatty red meat and organ meats—are viewed as unhealthy by nutritionists.

ar·a·chi·don·ic ac·id

(ar'ă-ki-don'ik as'id)
Liquid unsaturated fatty acid that occurs in most animal fats; considered essential in animal nutrition.

arachidonic acid

An unsaturated fatty acid, formed from LINOLENIC acid, and a precursor of prostaglandins and thomboxanes.

arachidonic acid

cell membrane constituent which undergoes degradation during inflammation to form prostaglandins and cytokines, with resultant increase in the inflammatory response; arachidonic acid breakdown is disrupted by non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, aspirin and steroids (see aspirin; non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs; steroids)

ar·a·chi·don·ic ac·id

(ar'ă-ki-don'ik as'id)
An unsaturated fatty acid, usually essential in nutrition; the biologic precursor of the prostaglandins, the thromboxanes, and the leukotrienes (collectively known as eicosanoids).

arachidonic acid (ar´əkədon´ik),

n an essential fatty acid that is a com-ponent of lecithin and a basic material for the biosynthesis of some prostaglandins.
Arachnia propionica,
n an opportunistic, naturally occurring organism in the body, especially in body cavities and on the skin. It is sometimes implicated in actinomycosis, especially in open wounds.

arachidonic acid

twenty carbon fatty acid containing four double bonds of the n-6 family essential fatty acids from which prostaglandins, thromboxane and leukotrienes are derived. Deficiency, which is characterized by hair loss, fatty liver degeneration, anemia and reduced fertility, occurs most commonly in cats because of their inability to synthesize arachidonic acid from linoleic acid.
References in periodicals archive ?
1988) and the effect of the light quality on the production of arachidonic acid was ascertained.
Some freshwater algae - namely, Nitella and Navicula pelliculosa (diatom) - also produce arachidonic acid (Hitchcock & Nichols, 1971).
1990) to search for arachidonic acid in two South African mosses and a liverwort: Amblystechium serpens, Brachythecium implicatum, and Marchantia parviloba, respectively.
It has long been thought that higher plants (angiosperms) do not possess arachidonic acid as a constituent of their lipid fraction.
1985) detected arachidonic acid and eicosapentaenoic acid in extracts of garlic (Allium sativum).
1991) reported the detection of arachidonic acid in extracts of Aloe vera (Liliaceae).
1991) isolated a novel arachidonic acid metabolite from the yeast Dipodascopsis uninucleata.
It is possible that if one should look carefully at the plant kingdom, arachidonic acid may be detected in many more different plants, especially higher plants.
This enzyme catalyzes the conversion of arachidonic acid to [PGG.
Effect of Prostaglandins, Arachidonic Acid, and Inhibitors on Excised Apices
1], gentisic acid, acetylsalicylic acid, salicylic acid, and oleic acid were applied to excised shoot apices under inductive conditions (short days), it was found that arachidonic acid and [PGE.
The effect of arachidonic acid and eight different PGs were studied on the flowering of apices subjected to non-inductive (long day) conditions.