apraxia of speech


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apraxia

 [ah-prak´se-ah]
loss of ability to carry out familiar purposeful movements in the absence of sensory or motor impairment, especially impairment of the ability to use objects correctly.
amnestic apraxia loss of ability to carry out a movement on command due to inability to remember the command.
apraxia of gait a common disorder of the elderly in which the patient walks with a broad-based gait, taking short steps and placing the feet flat on the ground.
motor apraxia impairment of skilled movements that is not explained by weakness of the affected parts; the patient appears clumsy rather than weak.
sensory apraxia loss of ability to make proper use of an object due to lack of perception of its purpose.
apraxia of speech a speech disorder similar to motor aphasia, due to apraxia of mouth and neck muscles because of a lesion interfering with coordination of impulses from Broca's motor speech area. Called also aphemia.

aprax·i·a of speech

(ă-prak'sē-ă spēch)
Speech disorder due to cortical sensorimotor damage that impairs the ability to program speech musculature for volitional production of sequenced phonemes. Often accompanies motor aphasia.
See: apraxia, oral apraxia, developmental apraxia of speech
Synonym(s): articulatory apraxia, dyspraxia of speech, verbal apraxia, verbal dyspraxia.
References in periodicals archive ?
Traditionally, the differential diagnosis between apraxia of speech and spastic dysarthria is based on perceptual parameters, on aspects of neuroanatomical lesions and on physiological parameters that reflect the movements of speech mechanism.
"Most children with apraxia of speech will learn to communicate with their very own voices only if they receive early intervention, appropriate, intensive and frequent speech therapy," says the village's proclamation.
[2] American Speech-Language-Hearing Association, Apraxia of Speech in AdultsNovember 2017, https://www.asha.org/ public/speech/disorders/ApraxiaAdults/.
Additional considerations could include, for example, the unique characteristics of motor speech disorders such as developmental apraxia of speech (DAS) and the potential value of using augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) systems.
Developmental apraxia of speech; theory and clinical practice, 2d ed.
She was 54 years postonset at the time of this study, and her language indicated nonfluent aphasia with alexia, agraphia, and apraxia of speech. The subject provided her informed consent (University of Florida, form 545-99) prior to testing and treatment.
In these articles, two mothers discuss the impact of early intervention and support in their families' experience with apraxia of speech (also known as developmental apraxia of speech, verbal apraxia or dyspraxia), a neurologically based disorder affecting the ability to plan, execute and sequence the movements needed for speech.
Revised and updated, this edition has updated and expanded sections on childhood apraxia of speech and the identification and treatment of inconsistent phonological disorder; discussion of the administration and interpretation of the Syllable Repetition Task and Diagnostic Evaluation of Articulation and Phonology, with case studies and demonstrations; new organization, formatting, and editing to reduce the size of the book; revised case studies to a single-page format; and a revised table of contents.
Major organization : CASANA - THE CHILDHOOD APRAXIA OF SPEECH ASSOCIATION OF NORTH AMERICA
Impact of speech-generating devices on the language development of a child with childhood apraxia of speech: a case study.
holds true even more for research with patients, who suffer from chronic nonfluent aphasia and concomitant apraxia of speech (AOS), a dysfunction of higher-order aspects of speech motor control characterized by deficits in programming or planning of articulatory gestures [2, 3].
The Kaufman method was designed for treating children with developmental apraxia of speech (e.g., a particular difficulty in speech production related to limitations in sound sequencing).