BBS scene is still little-known, but the personal recollections of O'Hara (2006) and Savetz (2012) provide a grassroots perspective on the Apple II
, Commodore 64, and Atari scenes of the time.
Many research studies have been conducted since our original Survival Words program was released over 25 years ago for the Apple II
, and studies were done on the effects of computer-based instruction for individuals who have significant learning difficulties.
"We were in the right place at the time," Wozniak said in his Chico speech While the Apple II
was a leap forward and introduced color and pixels to the computer, Wozniak says Visicalc, which he calls the first "killer app," increased demand for the Apple II
Remember - if you're old enough - balancing your checkbook on that creaky Apple II
or Osborne I back in the 1980s?
With the release of systems like Radio Shack's TRS-80, Commodore's PET, and Apple's Apple II
in 1977, modders also had mass-manufactured computer systems to dissect, study, and transform--usually in violation of the manufacturer's warranties--all in search of increased processing speed and power.
The Apple II
, the first personal computer, went on sale in 1977.
This was how most of us wrote on a computer in the early 1980s, and it's resurfacing a quarter of a century later.These spare working conditions rely not on an '80s-vintage TRS-80, IBM PC or Apple II
, but on a laptop built less than a year ago.The software, called WriteRoom, seems to have cast a shiny new Mac laptop back to the dark ages of DOS.
Apple founders Steve Jobs and Steve Wozniak preassembled 50 of them, to be sold at the Byte Shop in Mountain View, California The Apple I wasn't a huge seller, but the prefabricated Apple II
, with its own snazzy beige box, was the breakout product that established Apple and helped turn personal computers from a home-brewed curiosity into a household commodity.
He straggled to build the Apple I, and with the little profit from this machine, he began work on the Apple II
. To list the accomplishments of this machine almost sounds simplistic now, but Apple II
set the standard for mass marketed personal computers by including a video terminal, keyboard, color graphics and sound.
The Apple II
followed soon after, with its ability to display high resolution color graphics, and a beige plastic case that became the standard in PC appearance for years.