BBS scene is still little-known, but the personal recollections of O'Hara (2006) and Savetz (2012) provide a grassroots perspective on the Apple II
, Commodore 64, and Atari scenes of the time.
Many research studies have been conducted since our original Survival Words program was released over 25 years ago for the Apple II
, and studies were done on the effects of computer-based instruction for individuals who have significant learning difficulties.
"We were in the right place at the time," Wozniak said in his Chico speech While the Apple II
was a leap forward and introduced color and pixels to the computer, Wozniak says Visicalc, which he calls the first "killer app," increased demand for the Apple II
Remember - if you're old enough - balancing your checkbook on that creaky Apple II
or Osborne I back in the 1980s?
With the release of systems like Radio Shack's TRS-80, Commodore's PET, and Apple's Apple II
in 1977, modders also had mass-manufactured computer systems to dissect, study, and transform--usually in violation of the manufacturer's warranties--all in search of increased processing speed and power.
The Apple II
, the first personal computer, went on sale in 1977.
This was how most of us wrote on a computer in the early 1980s, and it's resurfacing a quarter of a century later.These spare working conditions rely not on an '80s-vintage TRS-80, IBM PC or Apple II
, but on a laptop built less than a year ago.The software, called WriteRoom, seems to have cast a shiny new Mac laptop back to the dark ages of DOS.
Most engineers involved with computers know Steve Wozniak designed the Apple I and Apple II
computers and co-founded Apple Computer with Steve Jobs.
Apple founders Steve Jobs and Steve Wozniak preassembled 50 of them, to be sold at the Byte Shop in Mountain View, California The Apple I wasn't a huge seller, but the prefabricated Apple II
, with its own snazzy beige box, was the breakout product that established Apple and helped turn personal computers from a home-brewed curiosity into a household commodity.
He straggled to build the Apple I, and with the little profit from this machine, he began work on the Apple II
. To list the accomplishments of this machine almost sounds simplistic now, but Apple II
set the standard for mass marketed personal computers by including a video terminal, keyboard, color graphics and sound.
The Apple II
followed soon after, with its ability to display high resolution color graphics, and a beige plastic case that became the standard in PC appearance for years.