Rhizomucor, Cunninghamella, Apophysomyces
, and Saksenaea are other zygomycetes that have been implicated in human diseases.
Among the isolates Aspergillus species formed 67% and the remaining 33% was found by Geotrichum, Scedosporium, and Apophysomyces
Invasive cutaneous infection caused by Apophysomyces
elegans associated with a spider bite.
Whole genome sequence typing to investigate the Apophysomyces
outbreak following a tornado in Joplin, Missouri.
Conversely, >28,000 and up to 1.2 million SNPs were observed among the control isolates of Apophysomyces
trapeziformis infections associated with a tornado in Joplin, Missouri, USA (5).
Other less frequent aetiological agents include Absidia corymbifera, Apophysomyces
elegans, Cunninghmlla bertholletiae, Rhizomucor pusilus and Saksenea vasiformis (9).
In 1 fatal case, the invasive zygomycete Apophysomyces
elegans was isolated.
Siston et al., "Fatal apophysomyces
elegans infection transmitted by deceased donor renal allografts," American Journal of Transplantation, vol.
Rhizopus, together with Mucor, Rhizomucor, Absidia, Apophysomyces
The Joplin cases were caused by the fungus Apophysomyces
trapeziformis, which is commonly found in soils, decaying vegetation, and water containing organic matter such as leaves and soil.
Rhino-Orbitocerebral Mucormycosis Caused by apophysomyces
Laboratory analysis for all 13 patients yielded the Mu-cormycete Apophysomyces