Summary: Foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) is an infection caused by aphthovirus
belonging to the family Picornaviridae.
The etiological agent of FMD is Foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV) that belongs to genus Aphthovirus
and family picornaviridae.
Foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) is a highly contagious disease of cloven-hoofed domestic and wild animals, caused by a virus which belong to the Aphthovirus
genus and Picornaviridae family (Grubman and Baxt, 2004).
FMD is caused by FMD virus (FMDV; family Picornaviridae, genus Aphthovirus
), which has 7 immunologically distinct serotypes, O, A, C, Asia 1, SAT 1, SAT 2, and SAT 3.
Collen, "Foot-and-mouth disease (aphthovirus
): viral T cell epitopes," in Cell Mediated Immunity in Ruminants, B.
FMD is caused by Aphthovirus
grouped under family Picornaviridae which is a small (27-28 nm) non-enveloped ss RNA + sensevirus with icosahedral symmetry (Belsham, 1993).
Foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) is caused by a virus from the family Picornaviridae, genus Aphthovirus
, having a broad range of hosts and highly resistant to environment.
The causative agent of FMD is the foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV), which is an aphthovirus
of the family Picornaviridae (Belsham, 1993).
The causative agent, foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV), is a member of the genus Aphthovirus
within the family Picornaviridae and has seven serotypes: O, A, C, Asia1, and Southern African Territories (SAT) 1, SAT2, and SAT3 [1, 2].
The disease is caused by FMD virus (FMDV), which is a prototypic member of the genus Aphthovirus
. There are seven FMDV serotypes: A, O, C, SAT 1, SAT2, SAT 3, and Asia1 .
There are nine genera of picornaviruses: Enterovirus (poliovirus, swine vesicular disease, coxsackievirus (which causes hand-foot-and-mouth disease in humans), and enterovirus A), Rhinovirus (human and bovine rhinoviruses), Hepatovirus (hepatitis A virus), Aphthovirus
(foot-and-mouth disease virus in cattle), Cardiovirus (encephalomyocarditis virus in mice), Erbovirus (equine rhinitis B virus), Kobuvirus (Aichi kobuvirus), Teschovirus (porcine teschovirus), and Parechovirus (human parechovirus, which was formerly known as Echovirus 22 and 23).