It is caused by the Aphthovirus
of Picornaviridae family which is characterized by low mortality but high mortality (Parida, 2009; Jamal et al.
FMD virus (FMDV) belongs to Aphthovirus
of family picornaviridae with seven serotypes namely A, O, C, Asia-1, SAT 1-3.
Foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) is caused by a virus from the family Picornaviridae, genus Aphthovirus
, having a broad range of hosts and highly resistant to environment.
The causative agent of FMD is the foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV), which is an aphthovirus
of the family Picornaviridae (Belsham, 1993).
The disease results from infection with FMD virus (FMDV, the prototypic aphthovirus
within the Picornaviridae family) (2).
There are nine genera of picornaviruses: Enterovirus (poliovirus, swine vesicular disease, coxsackievirus (which causes hand-foot-and-mouth disease in humans), and enterovirus A), Rhinovirus (human and bovine rhinoviruses), Hepatovirus (hepatitis A virus), Aphthovirus
(foot-and-mouth disease virus in cattle), Cardiovirus (encephalomyocarditis virus in mice), Erbovirus (equine rhinitis B virus), Kobuvirus (Aichi kobuvirus), Teschovirus (porcine teschovirus), and Parechovirus (human parechovirus, which was formerly known as Echovirus 22 and 23).
Other important infectious agents in this group include hepatitis A, hepatitis E, encephalomyocarditis virus, polioviruses, coxsacki viruses, reoviruses, rhinoviruses, astroviruses, caliciviruses, echoviruses, parvoviruses, and aphthovirus
The disease is caused by FMD virus (FMDV) containing a positive sense single stranded RNA within the Aphthovirus
genus (Abubakar et al.
The disease spreads in a large population of susceptible animals (Rowlands, 2003) and is caused by an Aphthovirus
of Picornaviridae (Rucckert, 1996).
Picornaviruses (family Picornaviridae) are small, non-enveloped viruses with single-stranded, positive-sense genomic RNA; they are divided into 12 genera: Aphthovirus
, Avihepatovirus, Cardiovirus, Enterovirus, Erbovirus, Hepatovirus, Parechovirus, Sapelovirus, Senecavirus, Teschovirus, Tremovirus, and Kobuvirus (1).
FMDV belongs to the genus Aphthovirus
in the family Picornaviridae and possesses a single strand of positive-sense RNA genome.
Foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV) is an Aphthovirus
within the family Picornaviridae that infects domestic and free-ranging cloven-hoofed mammals.