primary progressive aphasia(redirected from Aphasia, primary progressive)
primary progressive aphasiaA subtype of frontotemporal lobar degeneration characterised by reduced speech production, speech errors, and word retrieval difficulties resulting in mutism and an inability to communicate; memory is relatively preserved, at least in the early stages of disease.
Segen's Medical Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All rights reserved.
pri·mar·y pro·gres·sive a·pha·si·a(PPA) (prī'mar-ē prŏ-gres'iv ă-fāz'ē-ă)
A degenerative disorder of which the early major symptom is an aphasia that increases in severity and (usually) eventually includes dementia.
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012
primary progressive aphasiaAn atypical form of DEMENTIA featuring progressive loss of the language function without severe memory loss, loss of visual and spacial skills or deterioration in behaviour. The defect is essentially one of word comprehension so that there is inexorable loss of the ability to find an appropriate word or name objects (anomia) or to employ normal syntax. The condition is associated with focal degeneration in the speech areas on the left temporal lobe of the brain, but it is not considered to be a subset of Alzheimer's disease.
Collins Dictionary of Medicine © Robert M. Youngson 2004, 2005