2. a small appendage near the juncture of the small intestine and the large intestine (ileocecal valve). An apparently useless structure, it can be the source of a serious illness, appendicitis. Called also vermiform appendix. adj., adj appendic´eal.
a small fingerlike projection from the tip of the CAECUM in the mammalian gut.
In herbivores the caecum and appendix are important, containing bacteria which facilitate the digestion of cellulose. In humans and other non-herbivores the caecum and appendix have no function. The appendix can become infected and must be removed surgically (appendectomy) if in this condition.
The worm-shaped pouch attached to the cecum, the beginning of the large intestine.
, pl. appendixes, appendices (ă-pendiks, -dik-sĕz, -di-sēz) [TA]
An appendage or appendixlike structure.
[L. appendage, fr. ap-pendo, to hang something on]
n1. an accessory part of a main structure or text; 2. the term generally refers to the vermiform appendix, which is located at the junction of the small and large intestines.
pl. appendices [L.]
1. a slender outgrowth or appendage.
2. the vermiform appendix, a slender diverticulum present in only a few mammals such as the rabbit, humans and the great apes. A structure of doubtful function, rich in lymphoid tissue.
a small, piriform body attached to the head of the epididymis that is a remnant of the blind cranial segment of the mesonephric duct.
a small cyst adjacent to the head of the epididymis that is a remnant of the paramesonephric (müllerian) duct. Called also Morgagni's hydatid.
Patient discussion about appendix
Q. What Causes Acute Appendicitis? I've heard that appendicitis is a very common situation. What causes it to happen? Is there a way to avoid it?
A. Appendicitis is caused by an infection of the appendix, usually from bacterias that are already located in the abdomen. It is not a situation that can be avoided and can occur in a high prevalence in the population.