A tubular aortopulmonary window
: An embryological curiosity.
4D CT revealed single solid lesion in the left thyroid and 2 solid lesions in the aortopulmonary window
, suggestive of parathyroid nodes.
It consists of creating an aortopulmonary window
and the flow between the RCA ostium and the aorta is established using an intrapulmonary tunnel [8, 14, 15].
Contrast enhancement chest CT, performed in the portal venous phase as our usual staging protocol, reveals that the left upper pulmonary vein presents an anomalous route: it first runs under the left pulmonary artery, then goes up medially to it, runs via the aortopulmonary window
, and finally joins the left brachiocephalic vein, describing on the whole a curved line with superior concavity (Figures 1 and 3).
Most cases of type B were actually aortopulmonary window
defects, and as such type B classification is no longer used .
with severe nonreactive pulmonary hypertension
Closure of nonrestrictive aortopulmonary window
in an infant by the transcatheter approach.
The aortopulmonary window
is filled in, and there is peripheral pruning suggestive of pulmonary hypertension.
lymph nodes were negative for tumor.
ARCAPA may be associated with other congenital and acquired heart diseases, including aortopulmonary window
, truncus arteriosus, anomalous subclavian artery, tetralogy of Fallot, constrictive pericarditis, bicuspid aortic valve, and mitral regurgitation [7, 9-15].
Some reports have found its association with tetralogy of Fallot, complete atrioventricular septal defect, and aortopulmonary window
, which arises secondary to failure of septation in the aorticopulmonary trunk.
(APW) is a relatively rare congenital disease consisting of a septal defect between the ascending aorta and the pulmonary artery, creating a left-to-right shunt (1-4).