antivenom


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antivenom

Antivenin Toxicology A vehicle that contains an antibody or other substance that binds specifically to a toxin, deactivating it

antivenin

, antivenene, antivenom (ant″i-ven′ĭn) (ant″ve″nēn′) (ant″ven′ŏm) [ anti- + venin, venom]
A serum that contains antitoxin specific for an animal or insect venom. Antivenin is prepared from the sera of immunized animals.

Patient care

Antivenins are foreign proteins that often induce allergic reactions in patients who receive them. The likelihood of allergic reactions is reduced by prior administration of epinephrine.

black widow spider antivenin

Antitoxic serum obtained from horses immunized against the venom of the black widow spider (Latrodectus mactans) and used specifically to treat bites of the black widow spider. The serum is available from Merck Co., Inc., West Point, PA 19486.

(Crotalidae) polyvalent antivenin

Anti-snakebite serum obtained from serum of horses immunized against venom of four types of pit vipers of the family Crotalidae: Crotalus atrox, C. adamanteus, C. terrificus, and Bothrops atrox .

antivenom

See ANTIVENENE.
References in periodicals archive ?
If the death rate due to scorpion poison is low and since there is a risk of hypersensitivity or serum disease from the antivenom, this treatment should only be administered in cases with severe toxicity in stage III and IV cases (10, 11).
In this report, the global Antivenom market is valued at USD XX million in 2019 and is projected to reach USD XX million by the end of 2023, growing at a CAGR of XX% during the period 2019 to 2023.
Among all snakebite patients, 82 patients (65.6%) received antivenom [Table 2].
Only 3.8% (n = 3) used steroids, and 15.0% (n = 12) used antivenom.
Currently, there are 45 antivenom production centers listed in the WHO database of antivenom producers (7).
Development of a new polyspecific antivenom for snakebite envenoming in Sri Lanka: Analysis of its preclinical efficacy as compared to a currently available antivenom.
First author Dr Stuart Ainsworth said: "This work is extremely exciting and we hope provides a basis for looking at antivenom in a new way.
In the present study, the efficacy and mechanism of antivenom + HBO intervention on snakebites was determined.
And antivenom for deadly regional snakes is among the top medications that is not making it across," Sara Pritchett, Spokesperson for EuroMed, a network of more than 80 human rights organisations worldwide, said.
Of the snakebites that are ultimately fatal, it is estimated that about 50-75% occur before victims can reach the hospital for antivenom treatment [3-6].
Moreover, the patient received scorpion antivenom. Cardiogenic shock and pulmonary edema were treated by Dobutamine.