antivenin

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antivenin

 [an″te-, an″ti-ven´in]
a material used to neutralize the venom of a poisonous animal; it is composed of concentrated purified antibodies from the serum of an immunized animal, frequently a horse.
black widow spider antivenin antivenin (Latrodectus mactans).
antivenin (Crotalidae) polyvalent a serum containing specific venom-neutralizing globulins, produced by immunizing horses with venoms of the fer-de-lance and the western, eastern, and tropical rattlesnakes, used for treatment of envenomation by most pit vipers throughout the world.
antivenin (Latrodectus mactans) a serum containing specific venom-neutralizing globulins, prepared by immunizing horses against venom of the black widow spider (L. mactans).
antivenin (Micrurus fulvius) a serum containing specific venom-neutralizing globulins, produced by immunization of horses with venom of the eastern coral snake (M. fulvius).
North American coral snake antivenin antivenin (Micrurus fulvius).
polyvalent crotaline antivenin antivenin (Crotalidae) polyvalent.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

an·ti·ven·in

(an'tē-ven'in), Avoid the misspelling/mispronunciation antivenom.
An antitoxin specific for an animal or insect venom.
Synonym(s): antivenene
[anti- + L. venenum, poison]
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

antivenin

(ăn′tē-vĕn′ĭn, ăn′tī-)
n.
1. An antitoxin active against the venom of a snake, spider, or other venomous animal or insect.
2. An animal serum containing antivenins. It is used in medicine to treat poisoning caused by animal or insect venom.
The American Heritage® Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2007, 2004 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

an·ti·ven·in

(an'tē-ven'in)
An antitoxin specific for an animal or insect venom.
[anti- + L. venenum, poison]
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
In addition, these traditional and herbal treatments are often used as adjuvant therapies along with the antivenin treatment.
Indeed, some of these compounds could function even better than the antivenin that is currently clinically applied [92].
Using chicken eggs or sheep's blood rather than horse serum -- the traditional source of antivenins -- and high-tech purification techniques, each team hops to enter and succeed in the small but potentially lucrative market for a better U.S.
antivenins quickly point out that from a global perspective, the U.S.
Scientists and company officials at Wyeth repeatedly declined to discuss their antivenins with SCIENCE NEWS.
Physicians test recipients' sensitivity to horse antivenins by applying a small amount under the skin before administering the entire intravenous dose.
Moreover, while egg proteins can trigger allergic reactions in some people, and the egg antivenins still retain their Fc fragments, the Wisconsin team anticipates no serious reactions to their product.
Seventy minutes after the bite, the patient was given 2 vials (20 ml) of "SAMIR Polyvalent Snake Antivenin" together with 2.5 mg of IV midazolam for ongoing hyperventilation.
Therefore, and because of initial concerns about a possible allergic reaction, we decided against further antivenin administration.
In France, one victim survived a green mamba bite although administration of antivenin failed [6].
The bandage is not removed until administration of antivenin [16].
The cornerstone of medical management is ensuring patent airway and adequate ventilation, providing circulatory support when necessary, and intravenous administration of specific antivenin [17].