antispasmodic

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Related to Antispasmodics: Antispasmodic Drugs

antispasmodic

 [an″te-, an″ti-spaz-mod´ik]
1. preventing or relieving spasms.
2. an agent that prevents or relieves spasms. Called also spasmolytic.

an·ti·spas·mod·ic

(an'tē-spaz-mod'ik),
1. Preventing or alleviating muscle spasms (cramps).
2. An agent that quiets spasm.

antispasmodic

(ăn′tē-spăz-mŏd′ĭk, ăn′tī-)
adj.
Relieving or preventing spasms, especially of smooth muscle.
n.
An antispasmodic agent. Also called spasmolytic.

antispasmodic

Herbal medicine
Any herb deemed useful in reducing muscle spasms.

Examples
Black cohosh (Cimicifuga racemosa), blue cohosh (Caulophyllum thalictroides), chamomile (Anthemis nobilis), lady’s slipper (Cypripedium pubescens), lobelia (Lobelia inflate), mistletoe (Viscum album), passion flower (Passiflora incarnate), skullcap (Scutellaria lateriflora) and wild yam root (Dioscora villosa).

antispasmodic

Pharmacology An agent that relieves spasm. See Spasmolytic.

an·ti·spas·mod·ic

(an'tē-spaz-mod'ik)
1. Preventing or alleviating muscle spasms (cramps).
2. An agent that quiets spasm.

antispasmodic

A drug which relieves sustained contraction in muscle, whether voluntary or otherwise.

Antispasmodic

Relieves mild cramping or muscle spasm.
Mentioned in: St. John's Wort

an·ti·spas·mod·ic

(an'tē-spaz-mod'ik)
1. Preventing or alleviating muscle spasms (cramps).
2. An agent that quiets spasm.
References in periodicals archive ?
The average time taken from the time of injection of antispasmodic to the full cervical dilatation of cervix in nulliparas with baseline dilatation < 5 cm in Group A was 105.57 mins and in Group B it was 57.66 mins (p < 0.01).
Average Time from Injection of Antispasmodic to Full Cervical Dilatation (in Minutes) Baseline Group A Group B Dilatation Drotaverine Hyoscine Nulliparas < 5 cm 105.568 [+ or -] 14.4 57.66 [+ or -] 66.2 > 5 cm 116 [+ or -] 22.5 68.48 [+ or -] 15.3 Multiparas < 5 cm 119 [+ or -] 92.6 62.380 [+ or -] 56.9 > 5 cm 106.48 [+ or -] 66.6 63.20 [+ or -] 18.0 Baseline T' P' Dilatation Value Value Nulliparas < 5 cm 3.24 <0.01 > 5 cm 2.18 <0.05 Multiparas < 5 cm 2.02 <0.05 > 5 cm 2.06 <0.05 Table 3.
Effective antispasmodics aren't available in the United States
A 2012 meta-analysis of 23 RCTs with 2585 patients examined the effect of antispasmodic agents, alone or in combination, to treat IBS.2 Pooled results from 13 RCTs with 2394 patients (69% female, ages 16 years or older) favored treatment with antispasmodics over placebo for abdominal pain (odds ratio [OR]=1.5; 95% CI, 1.3-1.8).
Primary outcomes for this review were the efficacy of fibre, antispasmodics and peppermint oil in reducing or curing either global symptoms or abdominal pain associated with IBS.
Overall, 39% of participants taking antispasmodics had persistent symptoms after treatment compared with 56% taking the placebo.
The tablets contain the ingredient hyoscine N-butylbromide, an antispasmodic used to relieve colicky abdominal pain that is caused by painful spasms in the muscles of the gastrointestinal tract.
The researchers further analysed 22 studies comparing various antispasmodics with placebo in 1778 patients.
Another very common herb with antispasmodic properties, peppermint inhibits smooth muscle contraction.
Ginger, too, has antispasmodic effects in the lower GI tract.
Antispasmodics, antidepressants offer relief--fiber does not
The Cochrane review included 56 randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing the efficacy of btflking agents (fiber supplements), antispasmodics, or antidepressants with placebo for the treatment of IBS.