Antipsychotic medication


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Related to Antipsychotic medication: Abilify, schizophrenia, risperidone, Seroquel, Zyprexa

antipsychotic

adjective Referring to an antipsychotic drug.

noun Any drug that attenuates psychotic episodes.
 
Agents
Phenothiazines, thioxanthenes, butyrophenones, dibenzoxazepines, dibenzodiazepines, diphenylbutylpiperidines.
 
Main types of antipsychotics
Typical and atypical, which differ in their side/adverse effects.
 
Indications
Management of schizophrenic, paranoid, schizo-affective and other psychotic disorders; acute delirium, dementia, manic episodes (during induction of lithium therapy), control of movement disorders (in Huntington’s disease), Tourette syndrome, ballismus, intractable hiccups, severe nausea and vomiting (by blocking the medulla’s chemoreceptor trigger zone).
 
Adverse effects
Extrapyramidal effects (dystonia, akathisia, parkinsonism), tardive dyskinesia due to blocking of basal ganglia; sedation and autonomic side effects (orthostatic hypotension, blurred vision, dry mouth, nasal congestion and constipation) are due to blocking of histaminic, cholinergic and adrenergic receptors.
Segen's Medical Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All rights reserved.

Antipsychotic medication

A drug used to treat psychotic symptoms, such as delusions or hallucinations, in which patients are unable to distinguish fantasy from reality.
Mentioned in: Bipolar Disorder
Gale Encyclopedia of Medicine. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Adverse effects of antipsychotic medications. Am Fam Physician 2010; 81: 617-22.
Some attempts to regulate the use of antipsychotic medication to protect the rights of individuals with developmental and intellectual disabilities have resulted in action, and other attempts have expressed insightful ideas.
Regarding substance use, patients who were using psychoactive substances after initiation of treatment were nearly twice as likely to be non-adherent to antipsychotic medication compared to those who had no history of substance use (AOR = 1.67, 95% CI: 1.09, 2.56).
We believe changes are needed to ensure antipsychotic medications are prescribed appropriately." In response, a Welsh Government spokesman said: "The use of antipsychotic medicines should be in accordance with NICE guidelines, reserved for challenging behaviour of dementia only where the benefits outweigh the risk, and when nonpharmacological approaches have been unsuccessful.
It has been identified that limited training and education for staff in person-centred care compounded by low staffing levels impacts on the ability to use non-pharmacological management and contributes to antipsychotic medication use (Lawrence et al 2016; Cohen-Mansfield et al 2013; Ervin et al 2014; Productivity Commission 2011).
By the third quarter of the initiative, we were able to see a 46% reduction in antipsychotic medication with the eligible population in Birch Grove.
The project, which places special attention on facilities that have specialty dementia units, includes new survey tools for dementia care and the use of antipsychotic medications among other things.
in 2014 also pointed out another limitation for the pharmacist in assisting schizophrenia patient to have a better adherence such as restriction in private space that can help pharmacist to give a better counseling on antipsychotic medication. They also found that the open counter system may restrict the information given by the pharmacist since they are uncomfortable compared in giving advice for other chronic illness.
[11,12] Use of relatively high doses of antipsychotic medication and the concurrent use of multiple antipsychotic medications in the treatment of patients with schizophrenia are common problems in China and other Asian countries.
(2.) The measure used by NHC is the percent of nursing home residents who are receiving an antipsychotic medication, excluding those residents diagnosed with schizophrenia, Huntington's disease, or Tourette's syndrome (CMS, 2012).
Antipsychotic medications concurrent with antidepressant treatment are frequently used in major depression, but few studies have investigated trends and patterns of their use over time.
The time it took for delirium symptoms to resolve after medication treatment was initiated was estimated as the number of hours from the first dose of antipsychotic medication until documentation that delirium symptoms resolved.