anticonvulsant

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Related to Antiepileptics: Analgesics, Benzodiazepines

anticonvulsant

 [an″te, an″ti-kon-vul´sant]
1. inhibiting convulsions.
2. an agent that has this effect, such as diphenylhydantoin (Dilantin), mephenytoin (Mesantoin), and trimethadione. They are used in the treatment of epilepsy and in psychomotor and myoclonic seizures.

an·ti·con·vul·sant

(an'tē-kon-vŭl'sant),
1. Preventing or arresting seizures.
2. An agent having such action.

anticonvulsant

(ăn′tē-kən-vŭl′sənt, ăn′tī-)
n.
A drug that prevents or relieves convulsions.

an′ti·con·vul′sive (-sĭv) adj.

anticonvulsant

adjective Related to preventing seizures noun Any agent used to prevent, reduce or stop seizures or convulsions. See Epilepsy.

an·ti·con·vul·sant

(an'tē-kŏn-vŭl'sănt)
1.Preventing or arresting seizures.
2. An agent having such action.

anticonvulsant

A drug used to prevent or reduce the severity of epileptic attacks, or to prevent dangerous muscle contraction in electroconvulsive therapy. Anticonvulsant drugs include PHENYTOIN (Epanutin), PHENOBARBITONE (phenobarbital) (Luminal), ETHOSUXIMIDE (Zarontin), CARBAMAZEPINE (Tegretol), SODIUM VALPROATE (Epilim) and CLONAZEPAM (Rivotril).

Anticonvulsant

A type of drug given to prevent seizures. Some patients with migraines can be treated effectively with an anticonvulsant.
Mentioned in: Antimigraine Drugs

an·ti·con·vul·sant

(an'tē-kŏn-vŭl'sănt)
1. Preventing or arresting seizures.
2. An agent having such action.
Synonym(s): anticonvulsive.
References in periodicals archive ?
Data on antiepileptic drug use was extracted from the Finnish Prescription Register.
Adam Friedman: "Antidepressants, such as mirtazapine and amitriptyline, and antiepileptics, such as gabapentin and pregabalin, can offer significant relief to a good number of patients, though success is variable" and data are limited."
[11] Our previous study demonstrated significant antiepileptic activity of Mimosa pudica root plant because of its active phytoconstituents "mimosin." [12] Hence, the present study aimed to the evaluation of antiepileptic activity of S.
Each group comprised of 100 subjects labeled as Group-A (control group had healthy individuals), Group-B (newly diagnosed epileptic patients without antiepileptic therapy), Group-C (epileptic patients on Carbamazepine therapy, which was further subdivided into C-I having epileptic patients on Carbamazepine therapy less than 1 year n = 33, C-II had epileptic patients on Carbamazepine therapy 1-2 years n = 33 and C-III comprised of epileptic patients on Carbamazepine therapy more than 2 years n = 34).
The children were managed with appropriate antiepileptics and their doses were also adjusted.
Analyses in the prior Neurodevelopmental Effects of Antiepileptic Drugs (NEAD) study have shown that valproate is linked to major congenital malformations and lower IQ in toddlers (N.
The term antiepileptic drug hypersensitivity syndrome (ADHS) or drug-related rash with eosinophilia and systemic reaction (DRESS) represents a rash that typically occurs during the first weeks of therapy with one of the following AEDs: phenytoin, lamotrigine, or carbamazepine.
* paradoxical response to antiepileptics (worsening or unexpected responses)
Unlike the older drugs, third-generation antiepileptics have not shown their risks for anomalies to be dose dependent, he added.
Antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) were associated with an increased risk of suicide attempts or completions among patients with depression and in the relatively small group of patients who were taking AEDs for indications other than epilepsy, depression, or bipolar disorder.
A spokesperson for Ortho-McNeil, maker of Topamax (topiramate), noted that the label for the company's antiepileptic drug has always carried language on suicide.
Reversed-phase HPLC (RP-HPLC) has been used to monitor antiepileptics with [C.sub.18] or [C.sub.8] columns and mobile phases with one or more organic solvents, acetonitrile (5-8), methanol (9), dichloromethane-n-hexane-methanol-acetonitrile (10), or n-hexane-ethanol-propan-2-ol (11).