antiemetics


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antiemetics

Drugs used to prevent vomiting. Antiemetic drugs include metoclopramide (Maxolon) and domperidone (Motilium).
Collins Dictionary of Medicine © Robert M. Youngson 2004, 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
The "World Antiemetics Market - Opportunities and Forecasts, 2017 - 2023" report has been added to ResearchAndMarkets.com's offering.
Nausea is an unpleasant physical condition experienced by nearly 80% of parturients who have caesarean section (CS) under combined spinal-epidural (CSE) anaesthesia (1, 2) Intraoperative vomiting causes significant challenges for the obstetrician, such as increased risk of bleeding and surgical duration, inadvertent surgical trauma and aspiration pneumonitis (3, 4) While antiemetic medications have been advocated to prevent intraoperative nausea and vomiting (N&V) during CS, they are not entirely effective and may have multiple adverse effects, including the development of gastrointestinal, renal, neurological, cardiovascular and allergic reactions (3, 5-9).
She was treated again with IV hydration and antiemetics (oral ondansetron and promethazine suppositories), which resolved her symptoms.
The exclusion criteria were patients on long-term administration of dexamethasone or ondansetron, those with a history of allergic reactions to dexamethasone or ondansetron, those who had undergone antiemetic therapy within 24 hr before surgery, those with underlying liver or renal failure, those who were pregnant, or those who had undergone emergency surgery.
These findings led my colleagues and me to conclude that timely preventive antiemetics and depression control could help prevent hospitalization and the associated worsened outcomes in child neurodevelopment.
Patients with history of migraine, ischaemic heart disease diabetes mellitus, hypertension, history of allergy to antiemetics were excluded from the study.
Despite the utilization of newer anesthetic agents and antiemetics, such as 5-HT3 antagonists, the incidence of PONV remains between 20% and 70%.
For laparoscopic gynecologic minor surgery in which mild postoperative pain was expected, fentanyl 15 mcg/kg, ketorolac 180 mg (or nefopam 120 mg), and antiemetics (ramosetron 0.3 mg or palonosetron 0.25 mg) were added to normal saline to make a 100 cc solution.
The first part cross-sectionally after a mean dose of 27 Gray (Gy) compared patients randomized to verum or sham acupuncture (the "needling groups") and patients receiving standard care (the "standard care group") regarding emesis-related care, that is, consumption of antiemetics and eating capacity.
(5) Validated risk stratification scores exist to classify patient risk and to help guide antiemetic therapy.
Based on published data, in high-risk PONV patients, despite the use of prophylactic antiemetics, the incidence of postoperative nausea (PON) is still about 50% and 30% in postoperative vomiting (POV); while the incidence of post discharge nausea and vomiting (PDNV) is even higher.
The potential role of the vestibular system in anticipatory side effects suggests that antiemetics with a primary effect on the vestibular system (such as the antimotion drugs scopolamine or antihistamine class agents) might be effective in the control of anticipatory side effects for some patients.