This biblical transcendent anthropomorphism had a long afterlife in post-biblical Jewish (especially apocalyptic and mystical/esoteric (61)), Christian, (62) and, it will be argued, Islamic traditions.
THE PROBLEM OF ANTHROPOMORPHISM IN ISLAMIC HISTORIOGRAPHY And argue not with the People of the Book except by what is best, save such of them as act unjustly.
It is our claim that Islam, as a formulation of the ANE/Semitic tradition, once possessed a similar tradition of transcendent anthropomorphism. Now, "transcendent anthropomorphism" presupposes, of course, anthropomorphism and most Muslim scholars assure us that Islam does not countenance this.
Studies treating Islamic anthropomorphism and the debates surrounding it are relatively few.
The problem is that in many cases tashbih does not mean, and should not be translated as, "anthropomorphism"; some of Islam's, we would say "crudest," anthropomorphists have been as adamant against tashbih as the anti-anthropomorphists.
Yet he disavowed tashbih in no uncertain terms: God's anthropomorphism is not "like" that of man.
(86) None would thus accuse him of anthropomorphism--assimilation maybe, anthropomorphism (stricto sensu) impossible.
Hanbal has become the great orthodox authority against tashbih"?(87) Is Strothrmann claiming Ibn Hanbal as an authority against assimilating God to man, which the Imam indeed seems to have been; or as an authority against anthropomorphism, believing God to have an anthropoid form, however unlike that of man?
"Crotalomorphism: A Metaphor for Understanding Anthropomorphism by Omission." The Cognitive Animal: Empirical and Theoretical Perspectives on Animal Cognition.
(3) Allen and Bekoff have traced the possible origin of the fear of anthropomorphism to the early twentieth century: by then, "empiricism reached its zenith in the movement known as logical empiricism (or logical positivism) which emphasized that the meaningfulness of any concept depended on its reducibility to logical construction from observable, verifiable experiences" (4).
(4) For more details of how anthropomorphism works positively in Liu's animal fiction Hill of Stray Dogs, see Huang Tsung-huei (2009).
(18) Liu's position of critical anthropomorphism is also shown in the following examples: Shiao-he asks his Grandpa, "Are there things that all animals know, but we do not know?" (151).