cerebellum

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Related to Anterior lobe: Posterior lobe

cerebellum

 [ser″ĕ-bel´um]
the part of the metencephalon situated on the back of the brainstem, to which it is attached by three peduncles on each side (the cerebellar peduncles); it consists of a median lobe (vermis) and two lateral lobes (the cerebellar hemispheres). See also brain.

cer·e·bel·lum

, pl.

ce·re·bel·la

(ser'e-bel'ŭm, -bel'ă), [TA]
The large posterior brain mass lying posterior (dorsal) to the pons and medulla and inferior to the tentorium cerebelli and posterior portion of the cerebrum; it consists of two lateral hemispheres united by a narrow middle portion, the vermis.
[L. dim. of cerebrum, brain]

cerebellum

(sĕr′ə-bĕl′əm)
n. pl. cere·bellums or cere·bella (-bĕl′ə)
The trilobed structure of the brain, lying posterior to the pons and medulla oblongata and inferior to the occipital lobes of the cerebral hemispheres, that is responsible for the regulation and coordination of complex voluntary muscular movement as well as the maintenance of posture and balance.

cer′e·bel′lar (-bĕl′ər) adj.

cer·e·bel·lum

, pl. cerebella, pl. cerebellums (serĕ-belŭm, -ă, -ŭmz) [TA]
The large posterior brain mass lying dorsal to the pons and medulla and ventral to the posterior portion of the cerebrum; it consists of two lateral hemispheres united by a narrow middle portion, the vermis.
[L. dim. of cerebrum, brain]

cerebellum

The smaller sub-brain lying below and behind the CEREBRUM. The cerebellum has long been thought to be concerned only with the coordination of information concerned with posture, balance and fine voluntary movement. Recent studies have shown, however, that the cerebellum functions to assist in many cognitive and perceptual processes. The cerebellum may also have a role to play in coordinating sensory input, and even in memory, attention and emotion.

cerebellum

the anterior dorsal (and largest) part of the HINDBRAIN which controls balance, muscle tone and the coordination of voluntary muscle. It is best developed in birds and mammals; in the latter there is a cortex of grey matter and the surface is complexly folded. The folds are lined with PURKINJE CELLS. Removal of the cerebellum unbalances an animal and affects the accuracy of voluntary movements such as walking, swimming, knitting.

Cerebellum

The part of the brain involved in coordination of movement, walking, and balance.

cer·e·bel·lum

, pl. cerebella, pl. cerebellums (serĕ-belŭm, -ă, -ŭmz) [TA]
The large posterior brain mass lying dorsal to the pons and medulla and ventral to the posterior portion of the cerebrum; it consists of two lateral hemispheres united by a narrow middle portion, the vermis.
[L. dim. of cerebrum, brain]

Patient discussion about cerebellum

Q. can you recover after a cerebellar stroke?

A. You can recover after a cerebellar stroke but the process takes time and rehabilitation. With the right kind of rehab people reach great results, supposing of course the initial injury allows it.

Q. Is there any problem, if an arachnoid cyst ,2cmx1.5cm size, rostral to cerebellar region left untreated? symptoms: repeated headaches, twitching of muscles, tiredness

A. An arachnoid cyst that leads to symptoms usually needs treatment. Mild symptoms as you suggested are ok to left untreated however gradual onset of new symptoms may arise such as seizures, paralysis and other complications, therefore once symptoms occur one should consider treatment.

More discussions about cerebellum
References in periodicals archive ?
Growth hormone Anterior lobe Helps the body grow by binding
The anterior lobe interacts with the hypothalamus through a neurovascular connection whereas the posterior lobe is connected to the hypothalamus by a neuronal system.
Diagnosis: This genus is easily distinguishable from the other Hoplinini by the presence of only one pronotal spine centered on the anterior lobe.
The presence of two lobes in the submandibular gland of Zaedyus which display significant histological and histochemical differences, being the posterior lobe predominantly mucous and greater in size than the anterior lobe, was also described for Chaetophractus villosus and vellerosus (Estecondo et al.), Dasypus novemcinctus (Shackleford, 1963), Dasypus hybridus (Codon et al.), Chlamydophorus truncatus, Euphractus sexcinctus and Bradypus tridactylus (Burne).
The anterior lobe conids, protoconid and metaconid are almost equal in size.
As for ReHo, increased ReHo was observed in the left cerebellum anterior lobe (CAL) and right calcarine, while it was decreased in the left dorsolateral superior frontal gyrus (SFG), the left precuneus/posterior cingulate cortex (PCu/PCC), the left triangular part of inferior frontal gyrus, the and middle frontal gyrus (IFGtri/MFG).
Sheehan's syndrome occurs after an intra or postpartum bleeding episode characterized by severe hypotension or hemorrhagic shock results from postpartum necrosis of anterior lobe of the pituitary gland.
Maxilla with anterior lobe; 102 or 103 cuspules on each maxilla on inner surface adjacent to labium, serrulae present on anterior lobe.
The cephalon has a relatively short arching occipital ring (LO) that becomes even shorter laterally; the bulbous subquadratic basal glabellar lobe (L1) is separated from the middle lobe by a shallow furrow; the anterior lobe is slightly rhombic.
Macropterous form: Thorax: Pronotum wider than long, with hispid tubercles, subquadrate, flattened, not declivous; frontal angles rounded, not projecting; humeral angles obtuse, not exposed; collar indistinctly depressed, not separated by a distinct incised line; middle third of pronotal disk with a broad longitudinal sulcus; anterolateral margins obliquely straight, roughly granulate; posterior margin concavely arcuate before base of scutellum; prosternum depressed; meso and metasternum sulcate; anterior lobe of metathoracic peritreme weakly reniform, posterior lobe subacute, raised; evaporative area short; posterior margin of metapleura with outer third obtusely rounded, and slightly raised.
Head and pronotum variegated with amber, yellow, brown, and dark brown; head with 2 dark brown bands that run almost parallel to eyes and anterior lobe of pronotum with 2 cicatrices dark brown to black; punctures of head and pronotum widely distributed, those of head smaller; antenna with first and last segments dark brown to black, second and third segments yellow with base and apex dark brown; rostrum yellowish with last 2 segments dark brown and slightly surpassing metacoxae.

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