, the purported primary vector in the Punjab province (Reisen and Boreham, 1982), disappeared by September, whereas A.
Chemical insecticides are largely used for the control of malaria and many have been recommended for the public health use.9 These chemical insecticides are largely used for indoor spraying and mosquito nets.10 In Pakistan 24 species of the genus anopheles have been reported.11 The anopheles stephensi and anopheles culicifacies
are the confirmed vector of malaria in Pakistan.12 The development of resistance against chemical insecticides is a serious threat to malaria control programmes.13 Therefore there is need to develop alternative vector control tools and should be taken into consideration to minimise the human vector contact and hence malaria transmission intensity.
The scientists have found that the female Anopheles culicifacies
mosquito produces a range of plant proteins that give it a competitive advantage in a number of different ways, such as metabolising the nectar that it feeds on, and surviving adverse environmental conditions.
the purported primary vector in the Punjab province was found more or less disappeared by September whereas Anopheles stephensi was found more abundant and more common in KPK (Khyber Pakhtunkhwa) than Anopheles culicifacies20.
Multiple host feeding in field populations of Anopheles culicifacies
Series Neocellia (Anopheles splendidus Anopheles stephensi Anopheles annularis Anopheles pulcherrimus) diverged some 5.7 million years ago from Myzomyia (Anopheles culicifacies
and Anopheles fluviatilis)
> Anopheles culicifacies
: It is one of the most important malaria vector in rural and semi urban areas in India, being responsible for transmitting about 60-70% of malaria infections.
Transcriptional analysis of an immune-responsive serine protease from Indian malarial vector, Anopheles culicifacies
. BMC Mol Biol 2007;8:33.
Role of Anopheles culicifacies
in malaria transmission in Baluchestan Ghasre Ghand.
Multiple resistance to DDT and other insecticides in the major vector Anopheles culicifacies
is present in many parts of the country (59) and has reportedly caused a major loss in effectiveness of intervention (60).
Persistance of DDT, malathion & deltamethrin resistance in Anopheles culicifacies
after their sequential withdrawal from indoor residual sparying in Surat district, India.
Larvivorous fishes in well target the malaria vector sibling species of the Anopheles culicifacies
complex in villages of Karnataka, India.