annotation

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annotation

Bioinformatics A term of art referring to analysis and commentary added to sequence data in databases, which provide contextual information about coding and non-coding sequence within genes, patterning and motifs, similarities, known or predicted protein structure and function, and links to external data (e.g., clinical observations).
Informatics A critical or explanatory note, usually included in a bibliographical entry or reference, to provide additional data.

annotation

process used in GENOMICS for analysis of NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCES to identify the GENES (both PROTEIN-coding and protein non-coding, such as those for rRNA and tRNA), their regulatory sequences (see OPERON MODEL and their functions. Annotation also includes characterization of MOBILE GENETIC ELEMENTS and REPETITIVE DNA. See also BIOINFORMATICS.
References in periodicals archive ?
In tools used in the NLP community, in fact, annotations usually rely on a predefined schema that supports the association of tags with phrases within documents.
In this paper, we investigate the recently widely applied technique, deep learning [25], to capture deep associations between proteins and GO terms, and to replenish the missing annotations of incompletely annotated proteins.
The success of the CHARMe tools in achieving the vision set out at the start of this article will depend not only on further technology development, but also on the cultivation of a community of users who will build up the web of annotations and links over time.
We first review prior work in remote collaboration, then more specifically in remote user's drawing annotations, and awareness and notification cues.
The annotations are themselves law-like insofar as we examine who made them, how they were made, and the role they play in the legislative and jurisprudential spheres of Georgia's public life," the opinion states.
sinensis, and matched the subcellular location annotations from the global network to the corresponding molting proteins.
Annotations made with standards-based interoperable tools should soon be able to interact with each other in the same way that emails sent via different email clients do today.
The participants were randomly assigned to one of three groups, and each group was provided with different types of visible annotations for building shared knowledge in a CSCL environment; two content-understanding learning phases (TL); one concept-understanding learning phase and one content- understanding learning phase (TLL); and one content-understanding learning phase (C).
As an example, steps are being taken to develop standard annotation formats for more sophisticated language understanding concepts like time, pronoun reference, "modal" concepts like "should" and "can," and dialogue acts.
The purpose of this paper is to describe a device-oriented automatic semantic annotation method in IoT, including a series of processes and corresponding algorithms.
Table 1: Comparison of predicted labels with ground-truth annotations for images from Corel5K, IAPRTC12, and MIRFlickr25K datasets.
The workflow of using the PDF Annotation feature is very straightforward.