annotation

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annotation

Bioinformatics A term of art referring to analysis and commentary added to sequence data in databases, which provide contextual information about coding and non-coding sequence within genes, patterning and motifs, similarities, known or predicted protein structure and function, and links to external data (e.g., clinical observations).
Informatics A critical or explanatory note, usually included in a bibliographical entry or reference, to provide additional data.

annotation

process used in GENOMICS for analysis of NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCES to identify the GENES (both PROTEIN-coding and protein non-coding, such as those for rRNA and tRNA), their regulatory sequences (see OPERON MODEL and their functions. Annotation also includes characterization of MOBILE GENETIC ELEMENTS and REPETITIVE DNA. See also BIOINFORMATICS.
References in periodicals archive ?
As everywhere else in Genius, the most prominent works are the most annotated; for example, Hamlet has many annotations, while Henry VI, Part 3 has none.
Consequently, to enhance semantic interoperability in a homogeneous context, we introduce complementary annotations helpful the cooperating actors for expliciting the meaning of the models and for easing their exchanged within that context.
Even if sometimes our method assigns keywords excluded in the ground truth annotations to an image, these keywords are still meaningful for the image in fact.
Clearly, human annotation of the results from processors such as speech recognizers is extremely important, and it would be convenient if human annotation were supported in a standard, vendor-independent way.
A lot of annotation algorithms have been proposed [1-9], which testify that the technique of automatic image annotation can boost the quality of image retrieval greatly.
Brigitte Mondrain's essay opens the collection, offering both a formal analysis of marginalia as well as an analysis of the types of marginal annotations.
Originally, annotations were simply hypertext links and text that could be organized on a page and published.
Its lead product development, Searcher(TM) combines annotation, homology, publication, web and sequence motif searching, and provides the means to combine and store these searches while also enabling the manipulation of both individual objects and sets of objects.
This is more than a list of lists: the selections are thoughtful and the annotations concise.
The Jewish Study Bible contains introductions, annotations and background, and interpretive essays.