The first is an IgE-mediated food allergy caused by the consumption of fish contaminated with the nematode Anisakis
simplex, which secretes allergenic substances that can further cause anisakiasis and Kounis syndrome.
"It's advisable to avoid raw fish, as it can sometimes contain small worms known as anisakis
, which can make you sick."
Besides, larvae of the third stage of Anisakis
Type I (Berland, 1961) were isolated from the stomach in some birds, but not included as results of this report because, since they are not attached to the tissue of the host, they could correspond to parasitism of the prey (see below).
Purification and cloning of an apoptosis-inducing protein derived from fish infected with Anisakis
simplex, a causative nematode of human anisakiasis.
This parasite has a zoonotic potential and according to Smith (1999) the species belonging to the genus Anisakis
, Contracaecum and Pseudoterranova are the main responsible for human infections.
However, this practice has not been implemented for the fishborne parasites Diphyllobothrium spp., Dibothriocephalus spp., and Anisakis
Recently, MOH instructed manufacturers of eight sardine brands of Cinta, TL Tan Lung, TLC, Sea Fresh, HS Brand, King Cup, Bintang and TC Boy to be withdrawn from the market due to contamination issue with nematode worms from genus Anisakis
Some of them are Anisakis
simplex, Pseudoterranova decipiens, Diphyllobothrium spp, Heterophyidae spp, Opisthorchiidae spp.
Anisakiasis is a zoonotic disease caused by an infection with the larvae of the nematode Anisakis
, which migrates into the human viscera.
Exposure to the fish parasite Anisakis
causes allergic airway hyperreactivity and dermatitis.
Most human infections are caused by the ingestion of raw fish infected with live third-stage larvae (L3) of Anisakis