aniline

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aniline

 [an´ĭ-lin]
an oily liquid from coal tar and indigo or prepared by reducing nitrobenzene; the parent substance of colors or dyes derived from coal tar. Aniline and its derivatives are an important cause of serious industrial poisoning. Household items such as indelible ink, shoe dye, and some wax crayons have been associated with poisonings. Routes of exposure include the respiratory tract, the mouth, and percutaneous absorption. Aniline from the mother can cross the placental barrier to poison a fetus. The predominant acute toxic effect is methemoglobinemia.

an·i·line

(an'i-lin, -lēn),
An oily, colorless, or brownish liquid, of aromatic odor and acrid taste, which is the parent substance of many synthetic dyes; derived from benzene by the substitution of the group -NH2 for one of the hydrogen atoms. Aniline is highly toxic, may cause industrial poisoning, and may be carcinogenic.
[Ar. an-nil, indigo]

an·i·line

(an'i-lin)
An oily, colorless or brownish liquid, of aromatic odor and acrid taste, which is the parent substance of many synthetic dyes. Aniline is highly toxic and may cause industrial poisoning.
[Ar. an-nil, indigo]
References in periodicals archive ?
The enthalpies of combustion (IcH0) and the calculated values of the enthalpies of formation (IfH0) for the amides and anilides under study are presented in Table-1.
Table-1: Standard enthalpies of combustion and formation of amides and anilides.
Separate consideration of amides and anilides gave the maximum values of the correlation coefficients which indicated the existence of two linear relationships that describe the dependence of the enthalpies of combustion for these classes of substances on the number of oxygen atoms (n):
Any pesticides that were in a class by themselves (e.g., triclosan, boscalid) were listed with the pesticide name in parenthesis [e.g., anilide (boscalid)].
In 2011, FWs had higher levels of organophosphates and the anilide fungicide boscalid than NFW households did, further demonstrating the link between agricultural pesticide use and the levels detected in the dust of FW households.
elegans predicting rabbit end points for anilide compounds) to a low of 17% ([Zebrafish.sup.P] predicting rabbit toxicity for urea compounds).
elegans .sup.P] .sup.T] Amide (24) 0.58 0.75 0.75 Anilide (14) 0.64 0.79 0.86 Carbamate (15) 0.53 0.80 0.67 Conazole (18) 1.00 1.00 0.89 Organophosphate (35) 0.80 0.86 0.57 Phenoxy (12) 0.67 0.92 0.33 Pyrethroid (12) 0.92 1.00 0.67 Pyridine (10) 0.70 0.60 0.40 Urea (8) 0.63 0.75 0.63 Concordance (c) Chemical class (a) C.
Anilides and PAP esters identified in oil batches should be considered arylamides and arylamines, respectively.
The potential cotoxicity of anilides is intriguing.