strongyloidiasis

(redirected from Anguillulosis)
Also found in: Dictionary, Encyclopedia.

strongyloidiasis

 [stron″jĭ-loi-di´ah-sis]
infection with Strongyloides stercoralis. The worms usually inhabit the small intestines, causing intestinal strongyloidiasis with diarrhea and ulceration of the mucosa. At a later stage in their life cycle they may penetrate the skin and be carried to the lungs, causing pulmonary strongyloidiasis with hemorrhaging. Called also strongyloidosis.

stron·gy·loi·di·a·sis

(stron'ji-loy-dī'ă-sis),
Infection with soil borne nematodes of the genus Strongyloides, considered to be a parthenogenetic parasitic female. Larvae passed to the soil develop through four larval instars to form free-living adults or develop from first and second free-living stages into infective third-stage strongyliform or filariform larvae, which penetrate the skin or enter the buccal mucosa through drinking water. Infection can occur by larvae of a new generation developed in the soil (indirect cycle), by infective larvae developed without an intervening adult stage (direct cycle), or by larvae that develop directly in the feces within the intestine of the host, penetrate the mucosa, and pass by blood/lung sputum migration back to the intestine (autoreinfection); most serious human infections and nearly all fatalities result from autoreinfection and subsequent disseminated infection, which commonly follow immunosuppression by steroids, adrenocorticotropic, or other immunosuppressive agents. Autoreinfection also may develop in patients with AIDS.
Synonym(s): strongyloidosis

strongyloidiasis

(strŏn′jə-loi-dī′ə-sĭs)
n.
Infection with the nematode Strongyloides stercoralis, which parasitizes the gastrointestinal system and is found chiefly in tropical and subtropical regions.

stron·gy·loi·di·a·sis

(stron'ji-loy-dī'ă-sis)
Infection with soil-borne nematodes of the genus Strongyloides, considered to be a parthenogenetic parasitic female. Larvae passed to the soil develop through four larval instars to form free-living adults or develop from first and second free-living stages into infective third-stage strongyliform or filariform larvae, which penetrate the skin or enter the buccal mucosa in drinking water. Most serious human infections and nearly all fatalities commonly follow immunosuppression by steroids, adrenocorticotropic hormone, other agents, or in AIDS.

strongyloidiasis

A persistent intestinal infection with the small parasitic worm Strongyloides stercoralis , which is common in many parts of the Far East. The infection tends to be permanent by internal breeding and may cause discomfort and distention, diarrhoea, SEPTICAEMIA, MENINGITIS or severe bleeding from the lungs. Treatment is with the drug thiabendazole (tiabendazole) but repeated courses must be given.

stron·gy·loi·di·a·sis

(stron'ji-loy-dī'ă-sis)
Infection with soil-borne nematodes of the genus Strongyloides, considered to be a parthenogenetic parasitic female. Autoreinfection also may develop in patients with AIDS.