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The result gave the scientists confidence to infer that contemporary African populations contain a small proportion of genetic material-about 2 percent-that moved from a species of archaic humans into the gene pool of anatomically modern humans about 35 thousand years ago.
A team led by Michael Hammer, an associate professor and research scientist with the UA's Arizona Research Labs, has provided evidence that anatomically modern humans were not so unique that they remained separate.
"We do not know whether Neanderthals developed the use of symbols independently or as a consequence of cultural contacts with anatomically modern humans," d'Errico told Science News.
The tools and ornaments in the Grotte du Renne look like those made by anatomically modern humans, so we might expect that they - not Neanderthals - were the artistes.
Either anatomically modern humans or Neandertals could have fashioned the Syrian tools, according to Holdaway.
Washington, January 27 (ANI): In a new research, scientists have determined that Neanderthals survived for several millennia after being replaced or assimilated by anatomically modern humans everywhere else in Europe, and the last of the species died out 37,000 years ago.
Related evidence comes from several African sites dated to more than 130,000 years ago, before the earliest skeletal evidence of anatomically modern humans, McBrearty adds.
"There is a problem with linking anatomically modern humans with behaviourally modern humans," said Professor Nick Barton of the University of Oxford UK, and one of the authors of the study.
A "late-origin" alternative holds that anatomically modern humans rapidly transformed communication with simple sounds and gestures into grammatical speech sometime between 50,000 and 100,000 years ago.
Age estimates based on a new analysis of fossil teeth found in three Israeli caves confirm reports that Neandertals and anatomically modern humans lived virtually side by side in the Middle East around 100,000 years ago, a team of scientists asserts in the May 20 NATURE.
According to a report in Discovery News, the site, called Pavlov VI, in the Czech Republic near the Austrian and Slovak Republic borders, provides a homespun look at the rich culture of some of Europe's first anatomically modern humans.