anabolism

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anabolism

 [ah-nab´o-lizm]
the constructive phase of metabolism, in which the body cells synthesize protoplasm for growth and repair; the opposite of catabolism. The manner in which this synthesis takes place is directed by the genetic code carried by the molecules of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA). The “building blocks” for this synthesis of protoplasm are obtained from amino acids and other nutritive elements in the diet. adj., adj anabol´ic.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

a·nab·o·lism

(ă-nab'ō-lizm),
1. The building up in the body of complex chemical compounds from smaller simpler compounds (for example, proteins from amino acids), usually with the use of energy. Compare: catabolism, metabolism.
2. The sum of synthetic metabolic reactions.
[G. anabolē, a raising up]
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

anabolism

(ə-năb′ə-lĭz′əm)
n.
The phase of metabolism in which simple substances are synthesized into the complex materials of living tissue.

an′a·bol′ic (ăn′ə-bŏl′ĭk) adj.
The American Heritage® Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2007, 2004 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

a·nab·o·lism

(ă-nab'ŏ-lizm)
1. The building up in the body of complex chemical compounds from simpler compounds (e.g., proteins from amino acids), usually with the use of energy.
Compare: catabolism, metabolism
2. The sum of synthetic metabolic reactions.
[G. anabolē, a raising up]
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012

anabolism

Building up of the tissues. The metabolic process by which the complex biochemical structure of living tissue is synthesized from simple nutritional elements such as sugars, amino acids and fatty acids. Contrast with CATABOLISM, which is the breakdown of complex tissues to simpler, consumable, substances. The term is derived from the Greek anabole , to build up or throw up.
Collins Dictionary of Medicine © Robert M. Youngson 2004, 2005

anabolism

or

synthesis

a type of metabolism in which complex chemicals are synthesized from simpler building blocks, a process which is endergonic (i.e. requires energy). The classic example of an anabolic process is PHOTOSYNTHESIS in which solar energy is incorporated into complex compounds such as glucose and its derivatives. Animals also carry out many anabolic reactions, building up complex molecules such as proteins from simpler subunits (amino acids) obtained from heterotrophic nutrition (see HETEROTROPH). See CATABOLISM.
Collins Dictionary of Biology, 3rd ed. © W. G. Hale, V. A. Saunders, J. P. Margham 2005

a·nab·o·lism

(ă-nab'ŏ-lizm)
The building up in the body of complex chemical compounds from smaller simpler compounds (e.g., proteins from amino acids), usually with the use of energy.
Compare: catabolism, metabolism
[G. anabolē, a raising up]
Medical Dictionary for the Dental Professions © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
The suspect faces charges of illegal possession of a medicinal product without the appropriate licence, illegal possession of anabolic substances, and illegal possession of drugs.
Jim McVeigh is acting director at the Centre for Public Health at Liverpool John Moores University and Britain's leading expert in the misuse of anabolic steroids.
According to the BHA, Al Zarooni was guilty of a "widespread systematic misuse of illegal substances" and admitted administering anabolic steroids to 15 horses in his care.
The skeletal anabolics build new bone by increasing the number and action of osteoblasts.
Caldwell cites one of the most common fears: that anabolics cause liver cancer.
Other anabolics that had also been used off label in AIDS have been discontinued -- and then later come back with an HIV label (FDA approval for the HIV use), but with a huge price increase, typically more than 10 times their former cost.
Characterisation of the affinity of different anabolics and synthetic hormones to the human androgen receptor, human sex hormone binding globulin and the bovine gestagen receptor.
I then talked to her several times because according to the approved program she should have been given anabolics only since last year.
BrewDog's new, limited-edition India pale ale, "Never Mind the Anabolics," is laced with tons of ingredients that are sure to get professional athletes banned.
In America they race on bute, anabolics, all types of drugs.
In conclusion, anabolics implants have a positive influence on grazing steers with feed supplements in the finishing stage.
He is convinced that if he "detoxes" once a month, any potential health threat of anabolics is removed.