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anabolic steroidsDrugs which promote tissue growth, especially of muscle, by stimulating protein synthesis. Anabolic steroids are synthetic male sex hormones and tend to cause VIRILIZATION. These steroids are sometimes misused by athletes and bodybuilders to gain an unfair advantage. The risks are considerable and include life-threatening varicella-zoster pneumonitis, renal-cell carcinoma, liver damage with jaundice, systemic infection with Candida albicans including ENDOPHTHALMITIS, breast enlargement (gynaecomastia), mood swings and aggressiveness (‘steroid rage’) and induction of psychotic disorders. Women run the additional risks of virilization.
A group of drugs derived from the male sex hormone testosterone, most commonly prescribed to promote growth or to help the body repair tissues weakened by severe illness or aging. Some anabolic steroids are given as appetite stimulants.