hippocampus

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hippocampus

 [hip″o-kam´pus] (L.)
a curved elevation of gray matter on the floor of the inferior horn of the lateral ventricle; it is an important functional component of the limbic system.

hip·po·cam·pus

(hip'ō-kam'pŭs), [TA]
The complex, internally convoluted structure that forms the medial margin ("hem") of the cortical mantle of the cerebral hemisphere, bordering the choroid fissure of the lateral ventricle, and composed of two gyri (Ammon horn and the dentate gyrus), together with their white matter, the alveus and fimbria hippocampi. In monkeys, apes, and humans, the hippocampus is confined to the temporal lobe by the massive development of the corpus callosum. Cytoarchitecturally a unique form of allocortex (archicortex), the hippocampus forms part of the limbic system (formerly rhinencephalon). Its major afferent connections are with the entorhinal area of the parahippocampal gyrus and with the transparent septum; by way of the fornix, it projects to the septum, anterior nucleus of the thalamus, and mammillary body.
[G. hippocampos, seahorse]

hippocampus

(hĭp′ə-kăm′pəs)
n. pl. hippocam·pi (-pī′)
1. A ridge in the floor of each lateral ventricle of the brain that consists mainly of gray matter and has a central role in memory processes.
2. Variant of hippocamp.

hip′po·cam′pal (-pəl) adj.

hippocampus

A limbic system structure located in the temporal lobe of the cerebral cortex.
 
Function
Processing short-term memory, encoding explicit memories for long-term storage, controlling autonomic functions, emotional expression, subjective experience, behavioural expression of affect.

Affected in
Anxiety, bipolarity, depression, panic, post-traumatic stress disorder.

hip·po·cam·pus

, pl. hippocampi (hip'ō-kam'pŭs, -pī) [TA]
The complex, internally convoluted structure that forms the medial margin of the cerebral hemisphere, bordering the choroid fissure of the lateral ventricle, and composed of two gyri (Ammon horn and the dentate gyrus), together with their white matter, the alveus, and fimbria hippocampi. In humans the hippocampus is confined to the temporal lobe by the massive development of the corpus callosum. The hippocampus forms part of the limbic system. Its major afferent connections are with the entorhinal area of the parahippocampal gyrus, and transparent septum; by way of the fornix it projects to the septum, anterior nucleus of the thalamus, and mammillary body.
[G. hippocampos, seahorse]

hippocampus

An infolded ridge of the surface of the brain (cerebral cortex) on either side. Each hippocampus forms a ridge on the floor of the LATERAL VENTRICLE. Disease or injury to the hippocampus causes memory defects. PET scanning in young subjects shows that the act of memorization is associated with a 5 per cent increase in blood flow to the hippocampus. From the Greek hippos , a horse, and kampos , a sea monster.

hip·po·cam·pus

, pl. hippocampi (hip'ō-kam'pŭs, -pī) [TA]
The complex, internally convoluted structure that forms the medial margin of the cerebral hemisphere, bordering the choroid fissure of the lateral ventricle, and composed of two gyri (Ammon's horn and the dentate gyrus), together with their white matter, the alveus, and fimbria hippocampi.
[G. hippocampos, seahorse]