gamma-aminobutyric acid

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Related to Aminobutyric acid: dopamine, 4-aminobutanoic acid

γ-aminobutyric acid

 (GABA) [gam″ah-ah-me″no-bu-tēr´ik]
an amino acid that is one of the principal inhibitory neurotransmitters in the central nervous system.

gamma-aminobutyric acid

 [gam″ah-ah-me″no-bu-tir´ik]
γ-aminobutyric acid; see under A.

γ-a·mi·no·bu·tyr·ic ac·id (GABA, γ-A·bu),

(ă-mē'nō-bū-tēr'ik as'id),
4-aminobutyric acid; a constituent of the central nervous system; quantitatively, the principal inhibitory neurotransmitter. Used in the treatment of various neurologic disorders (for example, epilepsy).

gamma-aminobutyric acid

(găm′ə-ə-mē′nō-byo͞o-tîr′ĭk, -ăm′ə-)
n. Abbr. GABA
An amino acid, C4H9NO2, that is not found in proteins, but occurs in the central nervous system and is associated with the transmission of nerve impulses.

gamma-aminobutyric acid

See GABA.

gamma-aminobutyric acid

See GABA.

GABA (gamma-aminobutyric acid)

A neurotransmitter that slows down the activity of nerve cells in the brain.
References in periodicals archive ?
Gamma aminobutyric acid (GABA) transport across epithelial (Caco-2) cell monolayer.
Blood-brain barrier to H3-gamma aminobutyric acid in normal and amino oxycetic acid-treated animals.
GAD is an enzyme that catalyzes the decarboxylation (part of the process of breaking down for use by the body) of glutamate to GABA (gamma aminobutyric acid) and CO2.
The report identifies some growing segments: alpha-lipoic acid, gamma aminobutyric acid (GABA), and vegetable supplements.
These blocking neurons work by releasing a chemical called gamma aminobutyric acid, or GABA, which counteracts the effect of another brain chemical called glutamate.
Perrine of Children's Hospital Oakland (Calif.) Research Institute discovered that the infants of diabetic mothers delayed their switch to adult hemoglobin because of their exposure to elevated concentrations of aminobutyric acid, a chemical compound related to butyrate, in their mothers' blood.
Several investigators speculate that other chemical messengers in the brain, such as norepinephrine and gamma aminobutyric acid (GABA), play a more crucial role in movement disorders.