aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase

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aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase

Any of a class of enzymes (e.g., phenylalanyl-tRNA synthetase) that charge tRNAs with a cognate amino acid.

aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase

One of a group of 20 enzymes each of which is specific for the catalyzation of the linkage of a particular AMINO ACID to its own type of TRANSFER RNA during protein synthesis. There are 20 amino acids in body proteins.
References in periodicals archive ?
org/content/early/2016/11/23/1617316113) discovered an aminoacyl tRNA synthetase called AlaRS that lacks any new decorations and can somehow still carry out its new role in humans without overhauling its basic architecture.
Scientists believe further studies investigating the function of the reshaped C-Ala may shed light on diseases linked to mutations in aminoacyl tRNA synthetases.
Physiocrines are derived from aminoacyl tRNA synthetases, which have been known for decades to function intracellularly in protein synthesis.