premature birth

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birth

 [berth]
a coming into being; the act or process of being born.
birth certificate a written, authenticated record of the birth of a child, required by state laws throughout the United States. After a birth is registered, a birth certificate is issued which represents legal proof of parentage, age, and citizenship, and is of great personal and legal importance. A birth certificate is required for many legal and business or personal transactions. Whether the child is born at home or at the hospital, the physician, midwife, or other attendant must report the birth to the local or state registrar. The report becomes a permanent record, and a certificate is issued to the parents. If a child dies during birth, an immediate report and certification of the birth and death are required, containing a statement of the cause of death.
birth control the concept of limiting the size of families by measures designed to prevent conception. The movement of that name began in modern times as a humanitarian reform to conserve the health of mothers and the welfare of children, especially among the poor. More recently it has been superseded by the term family planning, which means planning the arrival of children to correspond with the desire and resources of the married couple. See also contraception.
multiple birth the birth of two or more offspring produced in the same gestation period.
premature birth (preterm birth) expulsion of the fetus from the uterus before termination of the normal gestation period, but after independent existence has become possible; defined as birth occurring before 37 completed weeks (295 days), counting from the first day of the last normal menstrual period. Approximately 6 to 8 per cent of all live births in the United States are premature, and premature births are the major cause of neonatal morbidity and mortality.

pre·ma·ture birth

birth of an infant who has achieved a gestation of at least 20 weeks or birth weight of at least 500 g, but before 37 weeks' gestation.

premature birth

n.
The birth of an infant after the period of viability but before full term.

pre·ma·ture birth

(prē'mă-chŭr' bĭrth)
Birth of an infant after viability has been achieved with gestation of at least 20 weeks or birth weight of at least 500 g, but before 37 weeks.

pre·ma·ture birth

(prē'mă-chŭr' bĭrth)
Birth of an infant after viability has been achieved with gestation of at least 20 weeks or birth weight of at least 500 g, but before 37 weeks.
References in periodicals archive ?
Weighing less than 10oz and just nine-and-a-half inches long, baby Amillia hit the headlines as she finally went home 11 days before her "due" date.
As she approached her departure from The Baptist Children's Hospital in Miami, pictures of Amillia, born last October, created a stir on the Internet.
The length of a ballpoint pen and weighing in at just 10 ounces, little Amillia is one of the youngest premature babies ever to have survived, although many babies all over the world are born before their mother's pregnancy has reached full term.
Whether or not Amillia escapes these horrors, we shall not know until she reaches adulthood.
Yesterday, doctors said little Amillia was just days away from being allowed home .
Doctors say Amillia is the first baby known to survive after a gestation period of fewer than 23 weeks.
Amillia Sonja Taylor was just nine-and-a-half inches long and weighed less than 10 ounces when she was born on October 24.
Spencer and Fletcher were both taken the distance by Amillia Baker.
THOSE images of 22-weekold Amillia Taylor, the most premature baby ever, will have had an enormous impact across the world.
Amillia Sonja Taylor, born on October 24 after just under 22 weeks in the womb, is the first baby known to have survived after a gestation of fewer than 23 weeks.
AMAZING FEAT: A nurse holds Amillia's feet just after her birth; BATTLER: Amillia is cradled not long after her birth.