peanut

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peanut

A species of legume, Arachis hypogaea, which is high in protein, energy and nutritional value, and rich in niacin, antioxidants, resveratrol and coenzyme Q10.
 
Emergency
Peanuts are a very common cause of foreign-body aspirates, and represent about 10% of all symptomatic foreign material retrieved by endoscopy of children.
  
Immunology
Peanut allergy is the most common cause of death from food allergy; 150/year die in the US from food allergies.

Metabolism
Peanuts contain oxalates that can crystallise in the form of kidney and gallstones, and should be avoided by those with kidney or gallbladder disease.
 
Toxicology
Peanuts are susceptible to mould and the frequently occurring presence of aflatoxin produced by Aspergillus flavus.

peanut

(pē′nŭt″)
An oily herb of the legume family, Arachis hypogaea, whose seeds are consumed for their nutritional value and whose oil, derived from the seeds, is used in cooking.

peanut

seed kernels of the plant Arachis hypogaea cultivated as a commercial crop. Made into peanut meal after the oil is extracted. The kernels and meal are subject to fungal growth and may cause aflatoxicosis. Called also groundnut.

peanut hulls
a source of supplementary fiber in manufactured pet foods; it is high in lignin.
peanut meal
residue after the extraction of peanut oil; a high protein (40 to 50%) feed supplement; low in methionine, lysine and tryptophan. May be mixed with hulls when it becomes of less value because of the high (30%) of fiber.
peanut oil
a refined fixed oil extracted from peanuts; used as a solvent for drugs.

Patient discussion about peanut

Q. does being allergic to peanuts mean you can’t eat peanuts as a whole nut? Or should you avoid spreads, cookies, cornflakes etc. as well.

A. people allergic to peanuts are, most of the times, a very severely allergic people. it has an astounding reaction that can lead to death because of specks of peanuts in a cookie.

More discussions about peanut
References in periodicals archive ?
Na hesitacao do heroi entre seguir o caminho dos pais (a militancia politica, as balas) e o desejo amoroso (o namoro com Maria, o amendoim com chocolate).
Um total de 75 amostras de graos de amendoim cru e derivados (amendoim frito, com cobertura de chocolate, com cobertura colorida, amendoim tipo japones e pacoca), coletado aleatoriamente em diferentes estabelecimentos comerciais da regiao de Marilia, Estado de Sao Paulo, Brasil, foi submetido a pesquisa qualitativa e quantitativa de aflatoxinas no periodo 2002 a 2009.
Junto ao coentro, utilizam-se a batata doce, o feijao, o gergelim, o amendoim, a mandioca, entre outros que, alem de favorecer o crescimento do algodao, contribuem para a obtencao de uma renda ou mesmo para a subsistencia.
2006b), ao utilizarem mudas de amendoim forrageiro com a parte aerea e radicular ja formadas, observaram sobrevivencia de 90%, enquanto aquelas plantadas por estolao tiveram morte total.
Assistindo a Shomotsi (2001), Kiarasa Yo Sati: o amendoim da cotia (2005), Kinja lakaha: um dia na aldeia (2004), Daritidze: aprendiz de curador (2003), Das criancas Ikpeng para o mundo (2002), todos realizados por videastas indios, o que mais surpreende, e perceber que essas imagens jogam em duas frentes, dirigem-se a dois tipos de publico bastante distintos: para o homem branco, ocidental, esses documentarios parecem nos dizer que somos nos que nos tornamos outros, "indios", pois os que foram esquecidos nao esqueceram; e para os indios, os videos nao so permitem que eles tenham acesso, elaborem e recriem a sua propria imagem, como tambem mostram que eles podem ensinar coisas que outras comunidades indigenas, assim como o homem branco, nao sabem.
Os bandidos tambem ficavam na praca, eles de um lado e nos do outro-- como dizia um malandro da epoca, Amendoim, "quem nao e, nao se mistura".
Se llama Rua do Amendoim y en ella los automoviles avanzan solos contra la pendiente, incluso con el motor apagado.