Amanita

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Amanita

 [am″ah-ni´tah]
a genus of mushrooms, several species of which are poisonous. A. phalloi´des, the destroying angel or death cup, and the similar species A. ver´na and A. viro´sa produce a hemolysin and a mixture of peptide toxins such as phalloidin that cause irreversible damage to cardiac muscle, liver, and kidney cells. Symptoms are often delayed from six to 20 hours, and mortality ranges from 50 to 90 per cent. A. musca´ria, fly agaric, causes a drunkenlike intoxication and loss of consciousness but is rarely fatal. Initial signs of toxicity mimic those of parasympathetic stimulation and can be treated with atropine.

Amanita

(am-ă-nī'tă),
A genus of fungi; many varieties are highly poisonous.
[G. amanitai, fungi]

Amanita

/Am·a·ni·ta/ (am″ah-ni´tah) a genus of poisonous mushrooms; ingestion of A. phalloi´des, A. musca´ria, A. pantheri´na, A. ver´na, and others causes poisoning manifested by vomiting, abdominal pain, and diarrhea, followed by a period of improvement, and culminating in signs of severe hepatic, renal, and central nervous system damage. Most fatalities are due to A. phalloides.

Amanita

Etymology: Gk, amanitai, fungus
a genus of mushrooms. Some species, such as Amanita phalloides, are poisonous, causing hallucinations, GI upset, and pain that may be followed by liver, kidney, and central nervous system damage.

Am·a·ni·ta

(am'ă-nī'tă)
A genus of fungi, many members of which are highly poisonous.
[G. amanitai, fungi]

Amanita

A genus of mushrooms most of which are extremely poisonous. A common species is Amanita phalloides , so named because of its resemblance to a penis.

Amanita

a genus of macro fungi many of which can be poisonous to humans, less frequently to animals unless eaten in large quantities. Called also mushrooms. Include A. mappa, A. muscaria, A. pantherina, A. phalloides, A. verna, A. virosa. Contain hepatoxic peptides and hallucinogens.
References in periodicals archive ?
La naturaleza de la embriaguez producida por Amanita muscaria varia segun el contexto cultural, antropovisionario y cosmovisionario.
El Amanita muscaria o Soma es considerada como el enteogeno por excelencia.
Como ya lo indicamos antes, El consumo de la seta Amanita muscaria, soma, se realiza con frecuencia dentro de un contexto cultural religioso, magico y mitico.
La cantidad que se puede utilizar sin complicacion es una Amanita de tamano medio.
Los efectos derivados por la Amanita muscaria son distorsiones visuales, perdida del equilibrio, alteraciones auditivas y espasmos musculares, estos efectos se deben principalmente al acido ibotenico y al muscimol.
Si la edad y el grado de madurez de la Amanita muscaria es mayor entonces el contenido de alcaloides, sera mas potente.
Accounts of Amanita muscaria inebriation and poisonings were collected in order to analyze variations in the reports of nausea and vomiting, symptoms often associated with Amanita muscaria inebriation/poisoning, by style of preparation.
Over 600 accounts of inebriation and poisoning with either Amanita muscaria or Amanita pantherina 1 were compiled.
The anecdotal accounts of Amanita muscaria experiences described a variety of preparation types, including: (1) fresh/raw, (2) dried, (3) tea with solids consumed, (4) tea with solids removed, and (5) cooked.
Changes in preparation type had a more substantial effect on the frequency of vomiting experienced during Amanita muscaria inebriation; still, only two preparation types had a significant effect on the odds of experiencing vomiting.
The change in Amanita muscaria's effects when the mushroom was prepared similarly to Soma, as described in the Rig Veda, was remarkable.
The differences in ill effects between dried preparations and preparations of tea showed that when applying Soma's second filter, a filter of woolen cloth, a significant change in the effects produced by Amanita muscaria also occurred.