alveolar nerve

(redirected from Alveolar nerves)

alveolar nerve

Any of the sensory nerves to the teeth; they are branches of the trigeminal nerve (CN V). The superior alveolar nerves innervate the upper teeth and gingivae; the inferior alveolar nerves innervate the lower teeth and gingivae. The anterior superior alveolar nerves, branches of the infraorbital nerve (from CN V2), run in canals in the anterior wall of the maxillary sinus and innervate the upper incisors, canines, premolars, and often part of the first molar. Sometimes there is a middle superior alveolar nerve that innervates the premolars and first molar. The posterior superior alveolar nerves (also from CN V2) innervate the rest of the upper molars. The inferior alveolar nerve (from CN V3) runs in the mandibular canal, giving off branches to the lower teeth and gingivae as it passes.
Synonym: dental nerve
See also: nerve
References in periodicals archive ?
8 Gulicher D, Gerlach KL: Sensory impairment of the lingual and inferior alveolar nerves following removal of impacted mandibular third molars.
Complications resulting from intravascular puncture of the maxillary artery may lead to hematoma formation in this region which may exert pressure on the surrounding structures including the lingual and inferior alveolar nerves.
In this article we present a case of atypical origin and course of inferior alveolar nerve (IAN) and inferior alveolar artery (IAA).
KEY WORDS: Inferior alveolar nerve, inferior alveolar artery, maxillary artery, infratemporal fossa.
The inferior alveolar nerve (IAN) is a mixed nerve that provides sensory innervation to the lower teeth, lower lip and buccal mucosa located between the premolars and lower central incisor through the mental nerve.
The purpose of this study is to report an unusual origin of inferior alveolar nerve and inferior alveolar artery associated with variation in relation to the maxillary artery.
It was discovered that the inferior alveolar nerve originated from the mandibular nerve by two roots that surrounded the second part of the maxillary artery.
Eca= External carotid artery, Iaa= Infeior alveolar artery, Ian= Inferior alveolar nerve,
Their indication is given in fullmouth maxillary restorative, extensive local infection or trauma in the maxilla, and variations in the courses of the posterior, middle, and anterior superior alveolar nerves possibly requiring a second-division block (Slavkin et al.
Haas conducted a 21-year retrospective study of paresthesia of the lingual and inferior alveolar nerves after mandibular block injections and restorative procedures (no surgery).
A comparison of articaine and lidocaine for inferior alveolar nerve blocks.
Anesthetic efficacy of articaine for inferior alveolar nerve blocks in patients with irreversible pulpitis.