alveolar nerve

(redirected from Alveolar nerves)

alveolar nerve

Any of the sensory nerves to the teeth; they are branches of the trigeminal nerve (CN V). The superior alveolar nerves innervate the upper teeth and gingivae; the inferior alveolar nerves innervate the lower teeth and gingivae. The anterior superior alveolar nerves, branches of the infraorbital nerve (from CN V2), run in canals in the anterior wall of the maxillary sinus and innervate the upper incisors, canines, premolars, and often part of the first molar. Sometimes there is a middle superior alveolar nerve that innervates the premolars and first molar. The posterior superior alveolar nerves (also from CN V2) innervate the rest of the upper molars. The inferior alveolar nerve (from CN V3) runs in the mandibular canal, giving off branches to the lower teeth and gingivae as it passes.
Synonym: dental nerve
See also: nerve
References in periodicals archive ?
Regional anesthesia of the infraorbital and inferior alveolar nerves during noninvasive tooth pulp stimulation in halothane-anesthetized cats.
[3] Himashi et al showed 86% success rate for second and third molars, while a very low rate for first molars (9%) might be due to the presence of middle superior alveolar nerves. [4]
PSANB- posterior superior alveolar nerve block is such a kind of nerve block in maxilla.
Some of the reasons for this may be surgical complexity in bilateral dissection of inferior alveolar nerves, more probability for nerve lesions posttotal subapical mandibular osteotomy, and longer operative time when compared to the BSSO (1.5-2 times long) [1, 2, 16-18].
[10] proposed a modification in TMAO osteotomy involving a different technique of decortication of the inferior alveolar nerve. The authors suggested that this modification is efficient in reducing what otherwise would be a time-consuming process.
Alling III, "Dysesthesia of the lingual and inferior alveolar nerves following third molar surgery," Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, vol.
The inferior alveolar nerve (IAN) is the branch of the mandibular division of the trigeminal nerve that provides innervation to the mandible.
8 Gulicher D, Gerlach KL: Sensory impairment of the lingual and inferior alveolar nerves following removal of impacted mandibular third molars.
Haas conducted a 21-year retrospective study of paresthesia of the lingual and inferior alveolar nerves after mandibular block injections and restorative procedures (no surgery).
A comparison of articaine and lidocaine for inferior alveolar nerve blocks.
In this article we present a case of atypical origin and course of inferior alveolar nerve (IAN) and inferior alveolar artery (IAA).
It has also been recommended as a method of anaesthesia to the posterosuperior alveolar nerve (Moiseiwitsch & Irvine, 2001).