alveolar nerve


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Related to alveolar nerve: dental nerve, incisive nerve, incisive nerve block

alveolar nerve

Any of the sensory nerves to the teeth; they are branches of the trigeminal nerve (CN V). The superior alveolar nerves innervate the upper teeth and gingivae; the inferior alveolar nerves innervate the lower teeth and gingivae. The anterior superior alveolar nerves, branches of the infraorbital nerve (from CN V2), run in canals in the anterior wall of the maxillary sinus and innervate the upper incisors, canines, premolars, and often part of the first molar. Sometimes there is a middle superior alveolar nerve that innervates the premolars and first molar. The posterior superior alveolar nerves (also from CN V2) innervate the rest of the upper molars. The inferior alveolar nerve (from CN V3) runs in the mandibular canal, giving off branches to the lower teeth and gingivae as it passes.
Synonym: dental nerve
See also: nerve
References in periodicals archive ?
Anaesthetic efficacy of 4% articaine mandibular buccal infiltration compared to 2% lignocaine inferior alveolar nerve block in children with irreversible pulpitis.
There is very little likelihood of contact with the inferior alveolar nerve; however, if it occurs, patients will report loss of sensation in the buccal gingiva, loss of sensation in the chin and loss of sensation in the lower lip.
Effect of premedication with ibuprofen and dexamethasone on success rate of inferior alveolar nerve block for teeth with asymptomatic irreversible pulpitis: a randomized clinical trial.
The patient currently is 8 months' status postsurgery and has normal neurosensory function of the right inferior alveolar nerve distribution with a pinpoint area of hypoesthesia along the right lateral lip vermillion border measuring 2 x 2 mm.
Relationship between inferior alveolar nerve imaging and neurosensory impairment following bilateral sagittal split osteotomy in skeletal class III cases with mandibular prognatism.
Caption: Figure 2: Endoscopy showing tumor adhesion to the inferior alveolar nerve (blue arrow), teeth (yellow arrow) and bone wall (green arrow) (magnification 10 x).
We could not find any previous reports regarding the anesthesia of the inferior alveolar nerve due to infection of the infratemporal space.
Objective: To evaluate the pulpal anaesthesia of mandibular 1st molar by using 4% articaine in two different techniques i-e buccal infiltration and inferior alveolar nerve block.
The problem of inferior alveolar nerve involvement during surgical procedure of the removal of lower third molars is often a source of litigations.1,2,3 At the same time the impact of this on a person's quality of life should not be overlooked.
The mandibular teeth are more prone to anesthetic failure than maxillary teeth due to difficulty in inferior alveolar nerve block and nerve sub-branches [2].
The inferior alveolar canal roof was identified, however, the inferior alveolar nerve was never visualized.