Altruistic Suicide


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Suicide as self-sacrifice
References in periodicals archive ?
Altruistic Suicide and Inherent Value in Mahayana (23) Metaethics
In contrast, altruistic suicides historically are those understood to be required by custom, particularly among the elderly (when they can no longer constructively contribute to societal life), among women upon the death of their husbands, or among followers upon the death of their chiefs.
If I am right, those who consider altruistic suicide to avoid being a burden need to take account not only of their desire to benefit those they love, but also of whether their willingness to commit suicide undermines the caring relationship that motivates them in the first place.
The fifth ministerial meeting in Cancun, an event associated in many people's minds with the altruistic suicide of the Korean farmer Lee Kyung-Hae at the barricades, became Seattle II.
Altruistic suicide is a tendency for an individual to sacrifice self for the group, and anomic suicide is a response to social change whether good or bad.
Durkheim, on the other hand, described the army as a case of chronic altruistic suicide. He believed that the likelihood of suicide increases with the amount of time spent in the service; officers and others with prolonged exposure to military discipline and spirit are the most vulnerable: "The profession of soldier develops a moral constitution powerfully predisposing man to make away with himself" (239).
The rate is high when the degree of social integration, i.e., the extent to which members of the society are bound together in social relationships is very low (leading to egoistic suicide) or very high (leading to altruistic suicide).
Altruistic suicide, on the other hand, reflected socially sanctioned self-sacrifice and, as such, provided the base rate of suicide against which Durkheim could contrast the increase of suicide brought on by the breakdown of social integration (which he attributed to anomic and egoistic behavior).
This type of behaviour was subject to terminological clarification in the work of Durkheim (1897), who classified it as altruistic suicide.
John Hardwig has argued eloquently for altruistic suicide in his exploration of when a duty to the exists, including the meaning that an altruistic death can restore to the very process of dying.
Indirectly, Lester may have identified what Durkheim labeled as altruistic suicide, an intended suicide rather that an attempt at suicide.